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Good luck to a new Armenia

Last Updated: 12:01am GMT 18/03/2007Page 1 of 3


It has a tragic past but Douglas Rogers predicts a change in fortune for this fascinating country.

It was after the third glass of 50 per cent proof vintage Armenian brandy that my host for the evening, a garrulous Armenian-American property developer by the name of Vahak Hovnanian, suggested a game of golf. Usually, after a few glasses of top-shelf cognac, I'd be up for a round, but it was 9pm, we were in the basement of his mansion on a half-built residential village on the outskirts of Armenia's dusty capital Yerevan, and the chances of finding a floodlit golf course in the vicinity seemed pretty slim.

I shouldn't have been so sceptical. "We are the Jews of the Caucasus," Vahak told me five minutes later as he smacked a drive straight down the fairway of his floodlit golf course, a short walk from his home. In the distance, the outline of Mount Ararat shimmered in the moonlight, while in a clubhouse decked out with leather chairs emblazoned with the Hovnanian family crest, a dozen members of his family cheered and ordered more brandy. On a barren field of rock and stone in central Armenia, a New Jersey property tycoon was building his own Jerusalem.

It is easy to see Armenia as the Israel of the Caucasus (even though it's actually the oldest Christian nation on earth, having adopted Christianity in AD 310, a decade before Rome). It is surrounded by Muslim countries on three sides - Turkey, Iran and Azerbaijan - and war-torn Georgia to its north. In 1915 Armenia suffered its own holocaust: the slaughter of 1.5 million people by the Turks, a genocide the Turkish government still refuses to acknowledge. From 1917 to 1991 Armenia was part of the Soviet Union, which protected it from the Turks but did little for its independence or devout Orthodox religious observance. Not for nothing is Armenia known as the land of "1,700 Years of Bad Luck".

And yet, partly as a result of this tragic past, Armenia, more than any other country in the Caucasus, is now finding its feet fast. The Diaspora, descendents of those who escaped the genocide, now number three times the 2.5 million population of Armenia itself, and they not only dominate the country's fledgling tourist industry, but the wealthiest of them, men such as Vahak Hovnanian and Kirk Kirkorian, the owner of MGM studios in LA, invest US$1 billion a year in Armenia, funding everything from airports, roads and radio stations, to universities, museums and hotels.

It was because of one of these investors that I was in the country. Two months earlier, I had heard about an Armenian-American interior designer named James Tufenkian, a reclusive 40-something New Yorker who had made his fortune in the luxury Armenian handmade carpet industry. In 1995, four years after the end of Communist rule, Tufenkian had set up hand-weaving carpet factories in his ancestral homeland, reviving the ancient art of Oushak carpet making - finely textured, earth-toned Armenian rugs that had virtually disappeared during 75 years of Soviet rule.

Ten years on, Tufenkian not only had luxury showrooms in New York and Los Angeles, where his exquisite rugs were snapped up by the likes of Dennis Quaid, Donna Karan and Ben Stiller, but he had just branched out into the travel industry. Under a new company, Tufenkian Heritage, he had created Armenia's first design hotels: three properties set in restored ruins or close to religious sites that form a perfect cultural triangle for a visit to Armenia.

History hangs heavy in Yerevan. The starting point of any visit to Armenia, the one million-strong city lies in a dusty valley rimmed by rugged, rock-strewn hills that are more Arizona than Asia Minor. Its potholed streets and drab cement tower blocks were depressing reminders of the Soviet era, and even the spectacular view of snow-capped Mount Ararat, 30 miles distant, had a weightiness to it. It has been Turkish territory since 1915, a permanent, taunting reminder of the genocide.

Yet, sweep away the dust, and Yerevan, an eighth-century fortress town, reveals itself like a lost icon. On the wide expanse of Opera Square in the centre, opposite a new Marriott hotel, the National Opera House had been restored and the Yerevan Philharmonic was performing works by the great Armenian composer Aram Khachaturian.

Nearby, in what looked like a stone church, a handful of French-Armenian tourists queued up at the Parajanov Museum, a monument to the Armenian filmmaker Sergei Parajanov (1924-1990), whose work was banned by the Soviets but inspired Fellini, Antonioni and Godard. Pride in its artistic heritage runs deep in Armenia - almost as deep as memories of the past. Outside the museum I met Gilda, a painter from Paris.


Edited by free

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Не очень интересная статья...скорее даже скучная...Одни овцы, ковры, амбарные гостиници и постухи....

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Armenia aims at key markets with its participation at GLOBE

Thursday, March 22, 2007

European countries, such as Italy, Spain, France, Germany and UK, identified as key markets with a great potential for growth, are at the centre of the promotional activities carried out by the Armenian Tourist Development Agency (ATDA).

The Armenian tourist board is exhibiting with six major Armenian tour companies at GLOBE, the new international trade show in Rome, to promote the country in the Mediterranean and European areas.

Syuzanna Azoyan, ATDA’s marketing director, is presenting news and promotional plans to press and trade operators at the Armenian stand from Thurday 22nd to Saturday 24th March.

Armenia is getting growing attention by international media and tour operators, who observe the country’s rebirth with great interest. After the transition period which followed independence in 1991, Armenia has made important investments in infrastructure and promotion of the economic development. Tourism is one of the industries which are getting major investments.

In fact, Armenia has it all to emerge as a new and important tourist destination: safety, stableness, good structures, affordable prices, geographic proximity, cultural affinity, good air connections, impressive cultural heritage and artistic traditions, fantastic natural environment and a welcoming population. American, French, German, English and Japanese visitors already realized this and represent the largest slice of Armenia’s travel market, thanks also to effective commercials broadcasted on CNN and Euronews.

Armenia is offered mostly within religious and cultural tours focusing on its great cultural and artistic heritage, the ancient sites on the Silk Road, the original Christian architecture of the imposing medieval buildings and UNESCO World Heritage sights, such as the monastic complexes of Sanahin and Haghpat.

According to Syuzanna Azoyan, Armenia has much more to offer: adventure and trekking holidays, nature and sport holidays, bird-watching, camping, farm holidays, cycling tours, horse-riding, rafting and many other activities.

Michael Verikios - Thursday, March 22, 2007


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Movie Reviews

Armenian quest


JOURNEY TO ARMENIA (Robert Guédiguian). 125 minutes. Subtitled. Opens Friday (April 13) at Canada Square. Rating: NNN

Anna ( Ariane Ascaride ) is a brusque French cardiologist whose ailing father ( Marcel Bluwal ) disappears to his homeland of Armenia before he can undergo heart surgery. Anna follows him, visiting the country for the first time.

As quests go, Anna's is vague and unfocused, but it and a subplot involving black-market meds, an exotic dancer and a former general ( Gérard Meylan ) are really just a pretext for gorgeous scenery and history in thistravelogue about beleaguered Armenia.

The dialogue is pretty exposition-heavy. The locals are continually explaining things to Anna (although it's refreshing to hear the merits of communism, capitalism and other "isms" discussed in an even-handed way). Anna is imperious and hard to like, so Ascaride, who also co-wrote the film, deserves credit for making us care about what happens to her.

As the story unfolds, Anna and the audience are drawn in by the history of a country, once the nexus of all the great European empires, that's currently recovering from Soviet-style communism and yet retains its character and language.

Maybe that's the reason for Anna's Gallic version of the ugly American tourist: Armenia and its people seem even more beautiful by contrast.


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На веб-сайте газеты The New York Times открыта посвященная Армении страница

На веб-сайте газеты The New York Times открыта армянская страничка «1915 Genocide Bracelet» (www.myarmenianpride.com). Страница рассказывает об истории Армении с древнейших времен до наших дней. Особое внимание уделяется Геноциду армян 1915-1923 гг. в Османской Турции. Рассказывается также и о том, какая территория осталась у Армении после Первой мировой войны, когда турецкое правительство, подписав соглашение с Советской Россией, предало забвению план американского президента Вудро Вильсона, по которому Армении должны были быть переданы 6 турецких провинций, включая Карс и Ардаган.

Напомним, что на прошлой неделе The New York Times исправила статью, в которой упоминался Геноцид армян. В статье было написано «резня», однако решением редакционного совета The New York Times от 2004 года, события 1915 года подпадают под определение «геноцид» и при написании статей на эту тему, редакция будет всегда использовать слово «геноцид».

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Турция так и не поняла, что, отрицая Геноцид, приковывает к нему все больше внимания

13.04.2007 16:07 GMT+04:00

/PanARMENIAN.Net/ «Более 90 лет назад, когда Турция была частью Османской империи, турецкие националисты осуществили кампанию по уничтожению полутора миллиона армян. Это был первый геноцид ХХ века. Мир знал об этом, но ничего не сделал, и это бездействие стало одобрением для действий Гитлера, лидеров хуту в Руанде в 1994 году и для нынешнего президента Судана Омара Хассана аль-Башира», - говорится в редакционной статье The New York Times.

В статье отмечается, что Турция долгое время пытается отрицать Геноцид армян. Даже в современном турецком государстве, которое не имеет связи с осуществившим массовые убийства режимом, употребление слова «геноцид» является серьезным преступлением. «И тем более стыдно, что официальные лица ООН отложили выставку, посвященную 13-летию геноцида в Руанде, потому что там упоминалось о Геноциде армян. Анкару возмутило то предложение, которым открывается выставка: «После Первой мировой войны, во время которой в Турции был убит один миллион армян, польский адвокат и правозащитник Рафаэль Лемкин призвал Лигу наций признать эти варварские действия международным преступлением». Организаторы выставки согласились изъять слово «Турция» из предложения. Однако и этого оказалось недостаточно для трусливого руководства ООН и выставку отложили на неопределенное время», - пишет The New York Times.

В заключение автор подчеркивает: «Странно, что турецкое правительство до сих пор не поняло, что каждый раз, когда оно пытается препятствовать обсуждению Геноцида армян, оно только привлекает к этому вопросу больше внимания и связывает сегодняшнюю демократическую Турцию с прошлым правящим режимом. Генеральный секретарь ООН Бан Ки Мун и его новая команда вновь показали, что очень многому должны научиться, если хотят с честью служить ООН, которая должна быть гарантом международного права и первой выступать против геноцида».

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На веб-сайте газеты The New York Times открыта армянская страничка «1915 Genocide Bracelet» (www.myarmenianpride.com).

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Armenia's diaspora funds a religious revival

Armenians from all over the world are hoping to revive a church decimated by decades of communist rule.

By Nicole Itano | Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor

Page 1 of 3

Lake Sevan, ARMENIA - On a windswept peninsula that juts out into the blue-black waters of Lake Sevan, the ancient meets modern. Cassock-clad young seminarians wander through a sparkling new building wired for the 21st century and outfitted with a contemporary gym.

But the traditions here are among Christianity's oldest. In the corridor, between classes at Vaskenian Theological Academy, two students stop and bow to a bearded man with a large silver cross around his neck.

"Father, bless us," they say, each putting a hand to their hearts.

"God will bless you," replies Father Minas Martirossian, the school's deputy dean, who is helping to train a new generation of Armenian priests to repopulate the country's depleted ranks.

Just a decade ago, the Armenian Apostolic Church was struggling to survive at home after decades of communist oppression. Today, the Church is undergoing a rebirth fueled by tens of millions of dollars from the global Armenian diaspora.

"The first years were really difficult," recalls Mr. Martirossian, a former mathematics professor who helped restart the seminary in 1990 as the Soviet Union was crumbling and Armenia moved toward independence. "There was no electricity, no heating, no proper food for students. It wasn't just the seminary. It was the whole country."

Underdeveloped, politically isolated, and partially devastated by a still unresolved war with its neighbor Azerbaijan that raged between 1988 and 1994 as the Soviet Union collapsed, Armenia depends heavily on support from its ethnic diaspora. Hundreds of millions of dollars have been poured into the country to do everything from rebuild roads to renovate water systems to feed orphans.

A little help from Armenia's friends

But perhaps nowhere has diaspora money played a more visible role than in the Armenian Church, which has been central to Armenian culture for centuries.

Armenia first adopted Christianity in AD 301 and claims to be the world's oldest Christian nation.

But under communist rule, religious life there was pushed into the shadows. Churches were seized and shuttered, priests persecuted and many baptisms were conducted in secret. By the time Communism collapsed in 1991, only about 150 priests still remained to serve a population of about 3 million people, largely because of government restrictions on the number of new priests who could be trained.

The situation abroad was very different. Although the church played a pivotal role in cultural life for the approximately 7 million Armenians scattered around the world – primarily in America, Russia, and the Middle East – during the Soviet period, the practical influence of the mother church, located in the Armenian city of Etchmiadzin, and its highest religious leader, the Catholicos of All Armenians, waned.

"The Church's primary responsibility is to lead people to God, but for many years the Armenian church has had a second burden, the protection of Armenianness," says Father Ktrij Devejian, a Armenian-American architect from Fresno, Calif., who in 2004 became the first American-born priest ordained in Etchmiadzin. "In the diaspora, the Church was involved in every aspect of life."

Now, Armenians outside the country are helping to rebuild the church at home. In the past seven years, diasporans have donated at least $50 million for construction and fund 85 percent of the Church's overall operating expenses.

Across the country, 52 new churches – and a giant new cathedral – were constructed, and 31 have been renovated. Five more are under construction and 10 more are being renovated.

Today, Devejian – who returned to Armenia at the current Catholicos' request to help build the Church's international connections – marvels at the dramatic rebuilding and expansion underway at Etchmiadzin, the Church's historic headquarters. There's a large, bustling seminary, a new administration building, museum, and baptistery. And the original residence of the Catholicos is being renovated.

"Etchmiadzin hasn't seen a building boom like this in maybe 400 years," says Devejian. "There isn't a building in Armenia under the authority of Etchmiadzin that hasn't been built with diaspora money."

'The difference today is freedom'

The revival of a seminary at Lake Sevan is representative of a broader revitalization of the Armenian church in its birthplace. Under Soviet rule, the monastery there was shut down after more than a millennium in existence.

In 1990, the peninsula was returned to the church. A few dozen Armenian students and teachers from New Jersey, including Father Minas, moved to the site to reintroduce religious instruction and a clergy. At first, they lived and worked in a single, unheated building.

Six years later, a wealthy Armenian from Damascus funded the construction of a new seminary building and small church.

Today the seminary houses 72 students and has helped double the number of priests in Armenia to more than 400. For the first time in many decades, Armenia is once again beginning to export priests to the diaspora.

But Devejian admits there is still much work to be done to convince Armenians inside the country to return to the church's fold – particularly those raised under Soviet rule.

Many of those being baptized today are adults, but Armenia's churches are still full of old women and young people born after the end of communism. Many Armenians raised under communist rule see no reason to abandon their secularism.

"The Soviets did a very good job of destroying the role of the church as part of society," says Devejian, noting that Catholicos' main priority is to rebuild parish life by rebuilding churches and returning priests to communities.

David Mangasaryan, a 21-year-old priest-in-training at Lake Sevan, is optimistic that Armenians will return to the church.

"The difference today is freedom," says Mr. Mangasaryan. "Our generation is free. We can choose our God and we can choose our religion."


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Armenia gets a new provider of telecommunications services

New provider Armenian Datacom Company (ADC) appeared on the market of telecommunication services in Armenia. During the opening ceremony ADC General Director Harold Gritten said that the XXI century telecommunication network will operate in Armenia, which provides super modern corporative networks with powerful coverage and access to the Internet.

"We are the first company in Armenia which has a license for providing public telecommunication services in accordance with new laws and regulating orders," he said.

He said that the founders of the company considered of priority the development of infrastructures in accordance with Armenia's economic growth.

"Telecommunication services are of vital importance in the implementation of business aims and government orders, which will provide Armenia with equal terms with all the partners in the availability of modern telecommunication solutions in the commerce sector," he said.

In his turn, RA Minister of Trade and Economic Development Karen Chshmarityan pointed out that the arrival of the ADC to the Armenian market is a happy event for the country's population, and it testifies that the policy of assigning priority status to Armenia's IT-sphere showed its results.

"The coming of a new company to Armenia is a result of consistent policy that was directed to encouraging foreign investments and creating favourable conditions for them in the country, particularly, work of improving systems of electronic communication in the IT-sector," he said.

Chshmarityan said that Armenia's Government is interested in the investment project and will salute any similar initiative.

"I hope that the ADC will become one of the leaders in Armenia by providing services and assistance to effective work of economic infrastructures, as well as stable communication of local enterprises with foreign partners and worthily introducing Armenia to world markets," he said.

Armenian-Norwegian Armenia Datacom Company LLC was founded in Armenia in 2006. The company's authorized capital makes EUR 1mln. The share participation is not announced. - Source: Arka News


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Armenia's artistic bridge from East to West

By Souren Melikian

Published: April 27, 2007

PARIS: It is not easy to display the art of a major culture left in tatters by organized physical destruction over centuries that reduced its territory to a tiny fraction of its historical dimension. What mostly survives is the art of religion, the hard-core to which the persecuted cling and carry away if portable. Otherwise it is fragments collected from ruins. Hence the title of the Armenian art show on view at the Louvre until May 21 - "Armenia Sacra."

The exhibition book is as much about history as about art, a necessity when introducing a culture known to few other than specialists.

It might have been worth mentioning that Armenia had a very long past when King Tiridate made it the first country where Christianity was declared the state religion around 313, when Byzantium only made its worship permissible.

The origins of Armenia are steeped in mystery. How the Armenians, whose language is Indo-European, substituted themselves for the non-Indo-European inhabitants of the preceding kingdom of Urartu around the 7th century B.C. is unexplained. If there was a fusion of two groups, history says nothing about it.

Armenia was included in the empire founded by the Persian Achaemenid dynasty in the mid-6th century B.C. and from the beginning had close links to Iranian culture while maintaining an utterly different identity. Some magnificent silver wine horns in Achaemenid style, excavated in Armenia after World War II, are usually described as Iranian and yet they can be seen at a glance to be aesthetically different from the vessels excavated in Iran. This Iranian connection persisted through time. Linguists say that well over a third of words in the Armenian vocabulary today are of Iranian origin, ranging from Parthian Pahlavi of the late 2nd or 1st century B.C. to present-day Persian.

The other part of the world to which Armenia had ties was the Roman Empire - the land was split again and again between Iran and Rome, later replaced in the East by the Byzantine Empire.

This twin connection with East and West remained perceptible throughout Armenian history.

It was the case with the first art spawned by the advent of Christianity of which the earliest surviving fragments do not predate the 5th century A.D. However disparate these look stylistically, they mostly share a monumental quality and an austere gravity maintained even when startling irony creeps in. Figural art, sometimes rough, invariably explodes with vigor. On one capital of starkly geometrical shape from Dvin, a Virgin and Child carved in low relief stare hypnotically at the viewer. It has a Romanesque feel to it but is not later than the 5th or 6th century A.D.

The stem of a stone cross also from Dvin is topped by the head of Jesus in a style strangely reminiscent of the human masks found in early 1st millennium B.C. bronzes from Luristan, in western Iran.

This aesthetic diversity was maintained into the 7th century A.D. if the datings suggested by art historians are right. Sacred art and irony continued to be paradoxically associated. In a roundel carved in sunken relief, Jesus ascends into heaven, standing in a mandorla held up by two angels while worshippers below raise their hands in prayer. All have incongruous goggle eyes - again these call to mind the art of Luristan with its funny human heads topping bronze ensigns. No archaeological context throws light on this intriguing sculpture.

But even a documented context does not necessarily resolve enigmas. On a huge stone capital nearly two meters, or six and a half feet, long recovered from the church at Zvartnots, an eagle spreads its wings horizontally. This is a distant offshoot of Roman iconography, with some input from Sasanian Iran. Its meaning in a church remains open to speculation.

Iranian reminiscences kept surfacing in early Armenian art as they do in two 6th or 7th century folios inside a 10th century Gospel from Echmiadzin. Syria, inspired the triangular tops flanking the rounded arch of a niche, but the outfits of the Magi are borrowed from late Sasanian conventions, as the art historian André Grabar noted long ago.

Riddles continue to stake out the evolution of Armenian art well into the 9th century. Wooden capitals from a church at Sevan, which were published long ago, induced one of the contributors to the exhibition book, Yvetta Mkrichian, to characterize their shape as "singular." They actually relate to models found later in the domestic architecture of Iranian Central Asia. The carved pattern draws its motifs from the repertoire of contemporary Iran and transforms them aesthetically. Again one wonders what meaning these had in the context of an Armenian church. One of them, hitherto unrecognized, reproduces the eagle wings of the Sasanian royal headdress as seen by artists from Islamic Iran. The key to such riddles surely lies in Armenian and Persian literature.

One of the great masterpieces in the exhibition, the A.D. 1134 wooden doors and their frame removed from the Monastery at Mush (pronounced "moosh") shows that the link with Iranian art kept being renewed at intervals. The commentator in the exhibition book appears to be unaware that the figural scenes featuring two jousting horsemen and two other mounted heroes on the lintel deal with Iranian literary themes, as do the two rounds of animals carved on each side. The geometrical patterns in the main areas could again be seen as part of an Iranian rather than Arab influence.

Aesthetically, the transformation is as obvious as the consummate mastery. This is a masterpiece in isolation that bears witness to an otherwise vanished school of architectural woodwork.

The confidence with which Armenian artists, from stone or wood carvers to painters and goldsmiths, borrowed from the outside world and recast the loans on their own terms is a feature shared by all powerful cultures from Iran to India to China. What makes Armenia astonishing is its eclecticism and its aptitude at welding together seemingly incompatible components.

A striking case is offered by the incorporation of formal Islamic patterns into Christian art. The early 13th-century cornice of one of those tall stelae with crosses carved in sunken relief known as "khachkar" is carved in the center with the figure of Jesus enthroned under a polylobed arch. On the book that Jesus holds open on his lap, the verse from John: 8.12 reads in its Armenian version: "I am the Light of the World." On either side, dazzling patterns of swirling scrolls have a rhythm and a complexity that makes them utterly different from those of Iran to the east or of the Arab areas of Iraq to the south.

This aptitude at creating afresh, however hybrid the mix, comes out most astonishingly in the manuscripts copied and illuminated in Cilicia along the Mediterranean shore of present-day Turkey.

A Franco-Armenian kingdom came into existence in the area following the wedding in the late 11th century of a French nobleman and an Armenian princess. By the 12th century it had a large population of Armenians driven away from their homeland by incessant warfare. For a century and a half or so, Cilicia became a second Armenia, leaving astonishing castles and ramparts that still stand at Yilankale or Anavarza and giving birth to an art of the book that blends Byzantine iconography, the color scheme of French medieval manuscripts and formal ornament from Islamic Iran.

A lectionary copied in 1286, perhaps in the town of Sis, offers a remarkable example of this blending of artistic syncretism.

Cilicia thus became the first true meeting ground of East and West, relatively immune from the violent antagonism that characterized it in Sicily and Spain. The Cilician experience probably paved the way to the easy transition that some Armenians made to the West, creating an even more hybrid art of the book in places such as Perugia in Italy.

Cilician art also traveled back East. It left its imprint on the Gospel illuminated in 1323 at Glajor in the Siunik Province to the northwest of Iran. But the painter, Toros of Taron, owes to Syrian book painting from the time the baroque rockery and plants - which the exhibition book does not say.

Internationalism began centuries ago and few practiced it with greater alacrity in art than the Armenians.


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OMX lands Armenia

OMX Group has signed a letter of intent to buy the Armenian Stock Exchange. Armex, based in Yerovan, is assumed to be a relative minnow in the the pan-Nordic exchange’s expansion plans.

Yet on this historic occasion, it is well worth a closer look at OMX’s newest acquisition. The website informs us that it is the only stock exchange operating in Armenia and there are 37 listed companies. These range from the alluringly named “Selena” to the more prosaic “Cascade-Credit Universal Credit Organisation.”

But OMX might have its work cut out: in Armex’s latest newsletter, the exchange announced that “the total number of trades [on the equities market] in January, 2007, was 21 with total value traded of AMD 3,639,227 ($10,127). Compared to January, 2006, the number of trades, number of stocks traded and total value traded decreased by 70.83%, 94.71% and 99.67%


Nevertheless, compared to December, 2006, “the total value traded increased by 160.02%.”

OMX descibes its Armenian project as “long term”.


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Tribeca Movie Review:

A Story of People in War & Peace

Posted on Monday, April 30th, 2007 at 6:37 am by: Francisco Saco

The following movie was reviewed at the 2007 Tribeca Film Festival.

A Story of People in War & Peace

World Documentary Competition

2006, Armenia

Dir: Vardan Hovhannisyan

In 1994 a truce was arrived at between Armenia and neighboring Azerbaijan, ending a bloody confrontation that had swept both nations after the fall of the Soviet Union. These two former satellites of the Soviet empire were newly independent and both desperate to claim land they both believed pertained to them. During the war, photojournalist Vardan Hovhannisyan followed a small platoon of men, and one female nurse, through their harrowing ordeal. Twelve years later and Vardan realizes that the memory of the incidents is slowly being forgotten by the younger generations. The reasons why the war was fought are being disregarded and overlooked.

So Vardan retraces his links to his fellow soldiers and decides to search for them so as to gain a better comprehension of what they as a people lost and won as a consequence of the war. He wants to see how his fellow men live in peace, opposed to how they lived in war. What he encounters is beyond him. He finds one of the men had an ugly divorce from his wife and is now on bad terms with his children. Another one of the men is in jail, and still another is locked up in a mental institution, haunted by nightmares of the battlefield.

He is able to converse with every member of his unit, and comes to the startling realization that not only were these people victims of war, but they were also victims of peace. The stories of unquantified loss are tear-filled and confoundedly real, as each person struggles with the recollection and retelling of the events during the war. Yet, with such a horrible moment of time burned into their minds, all the soldiers continue to foster a great love for their country and retain ultimate pride in having fought for their nation. For them, it was an honor to serve their homeland, and no matter how many hard times they face, they will never forget that.

The film is short and concise. It knows what its aims are and accomplishes them thoroughly. But perhaps it is a bit too short. As soon as you start caring for the men and women interviewed and establishing some emotion for their agony, they are gone. The film leaves one with the up-close knowledge of a horrible event, yet leaves the person as detached as it did before it had been shown. But then again, Vardan maybe realized that this subject was too hard to dig up and that making his fellow Armenians remember those days of combat and upheaval was something quite difficult, but at the same time utterly necessary.


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Clash of civilisations

May 17th 2007 | KARS

From The Economist print edition

Beleaguered Armenians in Turkey—and a closed border with Armenia

FOR a seasoned diplomat, Hasan Sultanoglu Zeynalov, Azerbaijan's consul-general in Kars, eastern Turkey, is unusually indiscreet. He openly complains about Naif Alibeyoglu, the mayor, who is promoting dialogue between Turkey, Azerbaijan and their common enemy, Armenia, just over the border. “I don't believe in dialogue,” Mr Zeynalov snorts. He recently ordered his compatriots to boycott an arts festival organised by the mayor after finding that “there were Armenians too.” Like his masters in Baku, Mr Zeynalov is unnerved at the thought of his country's biggest regional ally suddenly making peace with Armenia.

He will have been cheered by the victory of Serzh Sarkisian, Armenia's nationalist prime minister, in a general election on May 12th. Mr Sarkisian is said to have engineered a last-minute ban on Turkish observers of the election. “I think it would be unnatural to receive observing representatives from a country that does not even wish to have a civilised official dialogue,” he commented.

Mr Sarkisian's hawkish views are echoed by Robert Kocharian, the Armenian president, whom he is tipped to succeed in a presidential election next year. Both men hail from Nagorno-Karabakh, a mountainous enclave wrested by the Armenians from Azerbaijan in a vicious war in the early 1990s. This prompted Turkey to seal its border (but not air links) with Armenia in 1993. The effect on Kars's economy has been disastrous, which is why Mr Alibeyoglu is so keen to reopen the border.

Ethnic Azeris, who make up a third of his city's 80,000 residents, are less enthusiastic. They are likely to vote in droves for the far-right MHP party in Turkey's parliamentary election on July 22nd. The party's fortunes have risen on a tide of xenophobic nationalism that has engulfed Turkey. Dismissing opinion polls that give Mr Alibeyoglu's AK party a big lead over its rivals, Oktay Aktas, the local MHP boss, confidently predicts victory. He would like Turkey to invade northern Iraq and to hang the Kurdish PKK rebel leader, Abdullah Ocalan. He also says there is no question of easing the blockade on Armenia—certainly not until it stops referring to his region as western Armenia and calling the mass killings of Ottoman Armenians in 1915 a genocide.

The sensitiveness of the genocide issue was reflected in January in the killing of Hrant Dink, an ethnic-Armenian newspaper editor in Istanbul, who had talked openly about it. The killer was a school dropout from the port of Trabzon. Mr Dink's lawyer, Ergin Cinmen, says there is compelling evidence that the Istanbul police were given warning of a planned attack at least a year ago, but they did nothing to protect Mr Dink. This week Istanbul's Armenians were shocked once again by a letter sent from Trabzon warning them to defend Turkey against the genocide claims or “face the consequences”. It was delivered to an Armenian primary school.

Such threats have dispelled the surge of goodwill that followed a huge turnout at Mr Dink's funeral and the reopening in March of an old Armenian church restored by Turkey's AK government. Etyen Mahcupyan, who replaced Mr Dink at his newspaper, says some of his kin are now talking of leaving Turkey for good. The border may stay closed for many more years.


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Fitch revises VTB Bank (Armenia)'s outlook to positive

Fitch Ratings has revised the Outlook on VTB Bank (Armenia)'s ("VTBA") Foreign and Local Currency Issuer Default ratings ("IDR") to Positive from Stable. Its ratings are affirmed at Foreign and Local Currency IDR 'BB', Short-term Foreign and Local Currency 'B', Individual 'D/E' and Support '3'.

The revised Outlook reflects the recent change in the Outlooks of Armenia's Foreign and Local Currency IDRs to Positive from Stable. The IDRs were affirmed at 'BB-' (BB minus). Were the sovereign ratings to be upgraded, this would be likely to signal a reduction in Armenian country risks, in particular transfer and convertibility risks, which at present constrain VTBA's ratings.

VTBA is one of the largest banks in Armenia with about 10% of the banking system's loans and retail deposits at end-2006. VTBA (formerly known as Armsberbank) has a long history of operations in Armenia and traces its origin to a branch of Sberbank of the former USSR, established in 1923. The bank services both corporate and retail clients, supported by an extensive branch network consisting of 100 branches located all over the country. The bank is majority-controlled by Russia's VTB (IDR 'BBB+').

Re-disseminated by The Asian Banker


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SOURCE: Global Gold Corp.

Jun 20, 2007 12:28 ET

Global Gold Holds Annual Meeting

Provides Update on Operations; Board Approves Additional Good Governance Standards; Announces Personnel Changes

GREENWICH, CT--(Marketwire - June 20, 2007) - Global Gold Corporation (OTCBB: GBGD), an international gold mining, development and exploration company with mining properties in Armenia, Chile and Canada, held its annual shareholders meeting as noticed last Friday. With almost 80% of all outstanding shares represented in the voting process, shareholders re-elected the current Board of Directors by an over 99% favorable vote. Re-elected as directors were Van Z. Krikorian - Chairman and CEO, Drury J. Gallagher - Chairman Emeritus, Treasurer and Secretary, as well as independent directors Nicholas Aynilian of NJA Investments, Ian Hague co-founding principal at Firebird Management, and Retired Ambassador Harry Gilmore. The shareholders also voted to confirm Sherb and Co., LLP (www.sherbcpa.com) as the company's outside auditor.

In addition, there was a review of Global Gold's current and planned operations, especially of its expansion into uranium exploration in Canada. Global Gold Uranium LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Global Gold Corp., is engaged in the exploration for and development of uranium deposits in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. In southwestern Newfoundland, airborne and prospecting work is planned at the Cochrane Pond property in which Global Gold shares interests with Commander Resources and Bayswater Uranium.

Global Gold Uranium is also commencing an exploration program this season at and around the Grand Lake and Shallow Lake uranium prospects in Labrador. Exploration of the company's uranium projects is being managed by Hrayr Agnerian, Senior Vice President and Ted Urquhart, Vice President, both seasoned uranium experts. This summer, the company will be opening an office in Toronto headed by Mr. Agnerian to focus on Canadian projects.

Global Gold's current production, exploration and development focus in Armenia primarily revolves around the North Central Armenian Belt, where it is integrating the Hankavan molybdenum, copper and gold deposit, Toukhmanuk mine, and at least thirteen other adjacent exploration sites. Global Gold has been conducting a drill program there to confirm the historical data and develop mining plans. Announcement of the results and analysis is now expected in the third quarter of 2007. Issues arising from the outside Laboratory have delayed these announcements, and the company has invested in its own international class laboratory facility at Toukhmanuk with control checks done outside Armenia. In addition, the 2007 drilling and exploration programs are underway at Getik and Marjan properties, with results anticipated by the fourth quarter of 2007. The company also owns royalty and participation rights in the country, and reaffirmed its long-term commitments there. Its royalty and other interests in Iberian Resources projects there have passed to Tamaya Resources (www.Tamayaresources.com) following the successful merger of those two companies and its shareholdings in Iberian have now become twenty million shares of Tamaya's common stock. This year, Global Gold expanded its awards of shares to local employees in Armenia substantially, and has seen positive reactions.

Global Gold has an office in Santiago, Chile, and engages in exploration and development. It currently has a royalty interest in the Santa Candelaria copper/gold property in the Chanaral District III in Chile, recently added a local geologist to its local staff, and is actively engaged in reviewing exploration and production options in Chile.

Van Krikorian, Chairman and CEO stated, "We are pleased with the commodity and sovereign diversification the company has put together, our management, employees, and our short-, medium-, and long-term prospects. The last year has seen us make progress on a number of acquisitions and operations challenges and we have done so by maintaining the highest of standards. We are not satisfied, of course, and we know we need to do more work in partnership with our investors and partners to move to the next level. This year's plans are aggressive, but well underway, and we thank everyone who is helping us improve the company."

Following the annual shareholders meeting, the Board also adopted a nominating and governance charter which emphasizes the role of independent directors, consistent with the company's commitment to best practices in internal operations, environmental responsibility, and social responsibility. The charter can be accessed through the Global Gold website, and includes the following: Communication with Directors. The Board believes that it is important to offer stockholders the opportunity to communicate with the Board about Company issues and developments. Stockholders who wish to communicate with the Board may do so by sending written communications addressed to the Board of Directors, Global Gold Corporation, 45 East Putnam Avenue, Greenwich, CT 06830 or by email at [email protected]

In personnel changes, Global Gold announces that Mike Mason has stepped down as President for personal reasons and will be a consultant to the company. Mr. Mason's resignation as President is effective as of Monday June 18, 2007, and Senior Vice President Agnerian will be assuming his duties on an interim basis. Mr. Agnerian, with the Board's approval, has substantially increased his commitment to Global Gold, and his employment contract was amended accordingly. The company's Chief Financial Officer and controller have also switched positions. Jan Dulman, the former controller, has become a full time employee and was named CFO. Lester Caesar, the former CFO, will now serve as the company's controller on a part time basis.

Mr. Krikorian concluded, "We all appreciate everything Mike did for us at some very critical times in the company's growth. He is a quality person, we wish him well in the future, and we are glad he will still be available to us. We also thank Les Caesar for his time as CFO and continuing to serve as controller, while Jan Dulman steps up to the CFO position. Jan is familiar with all of our operations, including in Armenia where he spent time last year, and we appreciate his increased commitment to Global."

More information can be found at www.globalgoldcorp.com.

To the extent that statements in this press release are not strictly historical, including statements as to revenue projections, business strategy, outlook, objectives, future milestones, plans, intentions, goals, future financial conditions, future collaboration agreements, the success of the Company's development, events conditioned on stockholder or other approval, or otherwise as to future events, such statements are forward-looking, and are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The forward-looking statements contained in this release are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the statements made. Former Soviet country estimations are presented for historical reporting and to provide a basis for assessing Global Gold's choices for its business activities and not to be understood as indicating the existence of reserves or resources.


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New airport terminal opens in Armenia

12 June 2007

Armenia is one of the top emerging economies in the Caucasus. With its strategic geographical location, this country is the historical gateway between Asia and Europe, a bridge between the East and West. In the last few years, Armenian economy has grown spectacularly, along with the number of business opportunities. Moreover, thanks to its rich historical and cultural heritage, the country has become a popular tourist destination with a higher growth potential within the region.

In 2002 Armenia International Airports decided to start the renovation and extension works of Zvartnots International Airport, in Yerevan, the country’s capital. After less than 40 months, the new terminal has just been opened, with the intention of becoming a link for tourism and commerce between Asia and Europe.

Armenia International Airports, the company in charge of the management, aim to turn Zvartnots into an international centre connecting Armenia with the world and opening the country to foreign visitors. Road infrastructure in Armenia is currently being surpassed by the ever-increasing trade traffic within this region of the Caucasus. In spite of the efforts made by the Armenian government to improve their national road network, the country’s short-term business goals will depend mainly on air transport.

Improvements at Zvartnots will involve a total investment of €164 million for the next 30 years. Armenia International Airports has already allocated over 70 million to the first phase, which included a 19,200 sq m extension of the premises and a refurbishment of around 45,000 sq m.

Now, the first phase is complete, the airport boasts a 54,000 sq m runway and 45,000 sq m of building. In addition, a new terminal was created that occupies a 25,000 sq m area.

After completing the project, the company expects that the airport will achieve a passenger-traffic of over 2 million people in its first year. In order to adapt to the forthcoming increase in visitors, new parking has been created, with capacity for 1,000 vehicles. In terms of freight transport, Armenia International Airports has fitted-out a new cargo terminal, which can house a variety of cargo and has capacity for 100,000 tons per year.

34 international airlines will now operate from Zvartnots, connecting Yerevan and Armenia to the world’s most important cities, including London. Altogether around 60 routes will be scheduled to fly from Zvartnots.

High security, technology, and comfort

In order to comply with the international air regulations, Armenia International Airports has made a great effort to improve security at Zvartnots. Among other measures, 150 surveillance cameras have been installed in the premises, both inside the buildings and in open spaces.

The modernisation effort has been significant, including the implementation of an innovative flight information display system (FIDS) as well as new automated and biometric-identification systems for baggage check-in and passenger control. Also all buildings are now equipped with Wi-Fi Internet connection.

In addition, the company has focused attention on improving visitors’ comfort within the premises. Arrivals hall capacity has been doubled to reach a volume over 1,000 passengers per hour, and passenger management will be streamlined between three and four-fold thanks to a substantial extension of the customs points.

Finally, the renovation of the airport’s relax areas and restaurants has been extensive, together with the enhancement of the Duty Free shops’ product offering.


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Russia: smaller Armenian apricot import

Warsaw - Russia can remain without Armenian apricots due to the bad harvest there. This year crop in Armenia will be reduced 2-3 times in comparison with 2006 (harvest of apricots in Armenia in past year was estimated at about 50 thousand MT.) These days should be the season when green apricots are abundantly for sale on the streets of Yerevan. This year it is not so, and a kilo of the fruits – which usually would cost about 500 drams on the street (about $1.45) – is selling for 3000 drams ($8.65).

According to the Garnik Petrosyan, head of the department for plant cultivation and protection at Armenian Ministry of Agriculture the bad harvest of apricots is caused by pouring rains during the period of flowering. Garnik Petrosyan noted that the bad harvest of apricots will naturally affect the prices, but it is difficult to say how much at the moment - "prices on the internal consumer market are formed taking into account the index of export, volumes of purchases by the processing companies, and it is thus far difficult to say, what will be the price of one kilogram of apricots on the market".

The representative of the Ministry of Agriculture reported also that the processing companies buy about 5 thousand MT of apricots yearly and next 9 thousand MT is exported. However, according to him, the index of export is sufficiently relative, since large amount of apricots is exported to Russia by the passenger cars or by tourists. Russia is the basic export destination for Armenian apricots.

Publication date: 6/19/2007

Author: FreshPlaza Correspondent Poland

Copyright: www.freshplaza.com


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The Armenian Appeal

Building on centuries of solid bilateral ties,Armenian President Robert Kocharian visitsEgypt to ink new economic, political, educationaland cultural cooperation protocols

By Nadine El Sayed

Although the Armenian community has for years meshed seamlessly with Egyptian society, with Armenian jewelers, businesses, schools and clubs found throughout the nation, very few people actually know that Egypt’s history with Armenia goes all the way back to the days of the Pharaohs, and that some of the most influential figures in Egypt’s history were in fact Armenian.

With such a strong history of friendly relations between the two countries and their peoples, Armenian President Robert Kocharian’s first visit to Egypt last month was expected to further enhance the cooperation between the two countries, in areas economic, political, educational and cultural.

“The visit of the president is the best proof of the existing cooperation between Armenia and Egypt,” Armenian Ambassador to Egypt Dr. Rouben Karapetian tells Egypt Today. “This is the current president’s first visit to Egypt and it is an official visit for negotiations and talks starting with President Mubarak and then Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif, the speakers of the Parliament and Sheikh Al-Azhar. It’s a dialogue of civilizations.”

Karapetian adds that the president’s meeting with Arab League Secretary Amr Moussa and the Arab ambassadors “reflects the level [of cooperation] between [Armenia and] not only Egypt, but also the Arab world.”

The visit also saw the signing of eight agreements in different fields including tourism, economy and education, with an agreement inked between Cairo University and a medical university in Armenia, according to Karapetian. The two nations also agreed to increase cooperation between their respective ministries of interior in terms of exchange of criminal suspects and other matters of justice.

The agreements signed are only a few of many pacts and treaties between the two countries since the beginning of diplomatic relations in 1992, a year after Armenia was declared a free state. Egypt was one of the first countries to recognize its independence and since then the two countries have been initiating mutual cooperation in several fields.

“During these 15 years, we succeeded in establishing excellent levels of political relationships and close cooperation in practically all fields,” notes Karapetian. And when it comes to “assisting each other in international organizations, we can claim to be exemplary for others.”

A Marriage of Civilizations

But the history between the two countries goes back significantly further than 1991, with the Armenian heyday in Egypt peaking during the Byzantine and Fatimid times, when Armenian politicians reached prominent positions during the reign of Mohammed Ali.

Armenians have thus always been part of the Egyptian community, influencing it as much as being influenced by it. “There is a [long] history between Armenians and Egyptians and as citizens of Egypt, [we contributed to the history and society of Egypt],” notes Karapetian.

Ahmed Ibn Tulun, who built the Ibn Tulun Mosque, and the three architect brothers who erected Bab El-Nasr, Bab El-Fath and Bab Zuwayla, all important historical Egyptian monuments, are examples of Armenians who came to Egypt and left imprints on its culture and history.

But Armenian influence goes far beyond building monuments. Armenians have had a particular impact on Egypt’s educational system, with Ya’cub Artin Pasha Cherakian, known as El-Ustaz El-Kabir (the Great Teacher), developing education and establishing the first school for girls in Egypt as well as the first kindergarten.

The first school in Egypt was established with the help of an Armenian called Boghos Bey Yusufian. Under the rule of Armenians including Badr Al-Gamali, a prominent military leader commanding an all-Armenian army, and his son Al-Afdal, Egypt saw the creation of the Dar El-Wizarra Palace as well as two public parks boasting exotic gardens. Armenian-born Shagaret Al-Durr also became the first woman to sit on Egypt’s throne in the Islamic era.

And what few people know is that Armenian Nubar Pasha, Egypt’s first prime minister, had a vision of creating Heliopolis. He managed Cairo’s Water Company, which introduced piped water — this led to the creation of Heliopolis later on by his son, who invited Baron Empain to build the district. Nubar Pasha also designed an irrigation plan and is the only Armenian to have both a lake and a type of long-staple cotton named after him. Despite his valuable contributions to agriculture, it was Nubar Pasha’s shrewd legal reforms and his decision to establish mixed courts that were considered his greatest achievements in Egypt.

With such deep historical roots, it’s no surprise that the relationship between the countries only grew stronger after Armenia declared its independence. “When Armenia became independent, we had a good base for developing relations and it was much easier because for years Armenia was a part of the Middle East region,” says Karapetian. “Although in 301 AD, Armenia became the first country in the world to officially adopt Christianity and [while] it is a European country, it is also part of the Middle East. Thus it has a historical mission of [interpreting], of creating the link in different areas with its knowledge of the East and European background. Our relationship with Egypt and the Arab world is based on other historical experiences too.”

A Stronger Future

Today the Armenian community in Egypt remains one of the oldest in the world, comprising some 8,000 nationals living mainly in Cairo and Alexandria. Although the number was much higher in 1915 when a forced migration followed the Armenian genocide in Turkey and Egypt opened its arms to Armenian refugees, it drastically decreased with the Nasserite movement and the nationalization of their businesses.

“Armenians have been welcomed in Egypt and were given an opportunity to contribute while in other countries they were forced to leave,” notes Karapetian.

At present the community has consolidated ties with the social and religious organizations nationwide. The Diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church serves to guard the community’s assets, and many other organizations provide support to the Armenian community in Egypt. There are several Armenian schools still functioning and although once restricted to just Armenians, they have, for financial reasons, been forced to accept students from other nationalities. There are also four cultural clubs in Cairo and two in Alexandria, providing activities for youth, such as dancing and choirs, three sporting clubs in Cairo and two in Alexandria. The ambassador notes that over the years, Armenians have smoothly integrated into the Egyptian culture and there has been a noticeable harmony between the two cultures.

“I always say if you want to give an example of exact and real dialogue between Christians and Muslims, you can give the example of Armenia and Egypt.” et


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June 26, 2007 07:00 AM Eastern Daylight Time

Virage Logic Key Participant in Inaugural Armenian Technology Congress

Semiconductor IP Leader Helps Promote Strength of Country’s Engineering Talent

ArmTech Congress 2007

FREMONT, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Virage Logic Corporation (NASDAQ:VIRL), the semiconductor industry’s trusted IP partner and pioneer in Silicon Aware IP™, today announced its participation in the inaugural Armenia Technology Congress (ArmTech Congress 2007) to be held July 4–7, 2007, at the Fairmont Hotel in San Francisco. The company boasts a significant presence in the Southwest Asian nation and has contributed the time and talents of key executives – including President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Dan McCranie, who will deliver a keynote address, and Vice President and Chief Scientist Dr. Yervant Zorian, who serves as Program Chair – to help define and execute the conference program.

“Virage Logic’s extensive participation in ArmTech Congress 2007 reflects our deep commitment to Armenia as a center for world-class engineering talent and a region in which we expect continued expansion,” said Dan McCranie, president, CEO and director of Virage Logic. “We are proud to support this inaugural conference and I trust that anyone who attends will come away with a profound appreciation for the wealth of intellectual resources Armenia has to offer.”

Virage Logic in Armenia

Recognizing a vital source of technology engineering talent, Virage Logic established its research and development center in Armenia in 1999, three years after the company’s founding. Today the company’s more than 100 employees in Armenia account for nearly one-quarter of its worldwide workforce and contribute to several important product development initiatives. The Armenian research and development (R&D) organization is central to the company’s groundbreaking Self-Test and Repair (STAR) Memory System™, the semiconductor industry’s first integrated embedded test and repair memory system and the first of the company’s Silicon Aware IP solutions. In addition to development of the STAR Memory System, the Armenian engineering team is involved in the development of the company’s software, NOVeA® non-volatile embedded memory product, I/O products and overall memory design.

“Our Armenia R&D center was largely responsible for the STAR Memory System, a significant product that has enabled customers to improve their semiconductor yield by up to 250 percent,” said Dr. Zorian. “Based on the consistent innovation and results our Armenian engineers have produced, we see our growing investment in the region as offering substantial dividends for our products and our customers.”

About ArmTech Congress 2007

The inaugural ArmTech Congress 2007 is expected to draw several hundred attendees – from the United States, Armenia and around the world – from various disciplines including technology, investment, government and academia. The conference program will offer tracks on Education, Telecom, Software, Digital Media, Semiconductor Design and Test, Renewable and Alternative Energy, Research and Development, Investment, Bio Tech, and Fine Chemical Technologies to showcase the breadth of opportunities in Armenia. For more information or to register for the conference, please visit http://www.armtechcongress.com.

About Virage Logic

Founded in 1996, Virage Logic Corporation (Nasdaq: VIRL) rapidly established itself as a technology and market leader in providing advanced embedded memory intellectual property (IP) for the design of complex integrated circuits. Today, as the semiconductor industry's trusted IP partner, the company is a leading provider of embedded memories, logic, and I/Os, and is pioneering the development of a new class of IP called Silicon Aware IP™. Silicon Aware IP tightly integrates Physical IP (memory, logic and I/Os) with the embedded test, diagnostic, and repair capabilities of Infrastructure IP to help ensure manufacturability and optimized yield at the advanced process nodes. Virage Logic's highly differentiated product portfolio provides higher performance, lower power, higher density and optimal yield to foundries, integrated device manufacturers (IDMs) and fabless customers who develop products for the consumer, communications and networking, hand-held and portable, and computer and graphics markets. The company uses its FirstPass-Silicon Characterization Lab™ for certain products to help ensure high quality, reliable IP across a wide range of foundries and process technologies. The company also prides itself on providing superior customer support and was named the 2006 Customer Service Leader of the Year in the Semiconductor IP Market by Frost & Sullivan. Headquartered in Fremont, California, Virage Logic has R&D, sales and support offices worldwide. For more information, visit www.viragelogic.com.


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“ARARATBANK” and Izmirlian Fund signed an agreement on co-funding of business-credits at the whole sum of $4mln

Yerevan, June 26 /Mediamax/. “ARARATBANK” and Izmirlian Fund signed an agreement in Yerevan today on co-funding of business-credits at the whole sum of $4mln.

Mediamax reports that the Chairman of the Board of “ARARATBANK” Ashot Osipian noted that the volume of co-funding will make $2mln from each side.

The minimal sum of the credit will make $250 thousand, the maximum - $1mln, the credits will be allocated in Armenian drams and U.S. dollars, the term of credit - 5 years, interest rate - up to 14% per year. The credits will be granted to representatives of all branches, basically in the field of production, with the exception of agriculture.

Deputy Chairman of the Central Bank of Armenia Artur Dzhavadian stressed that the decision of Izmirlian Fund on realization of a joint program with “ARARATBANK” is justified – the fact that the bank assets grew for 43% from the beginning of the year is a good proof. According to Dzhavadian, due to its potential and inner reserves, “ARARATBANK” will manage to stand the growing competition, related to the expected arrival of new players on the Armenian banking market.

Vice-President of Izmirlian Fund Jacques Sarkisian stressed that the main priority of the credit programs realized in Armenia is the establishment of new workplaces.

Starting from 1999, about 4-5 thousand new workplaces were established in Armenia at the expense of the realization of Izmirlian Fund credit programs.

Jacques Sarkisian also informed that the Fund financed the construction of three buildings, the electric power station and the kitchen complex of the Defense Ministry’s Military Institute after Vazgen Sarkisian, the reconstruction and modernization of the library of Yerevan State University.


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24 June 2007

Armenia’s diamond manufacturing industry will soon benefit from Alrosa's rough diamonds. Russian mining company Alrosa is expecting to establish a diamond manufacturing joint venture in Armenia with local diamond manufacturer DCA. According to Russian media sources, the Russian rough, the first shipment of which is planned for as early as this autumn, will be cut and polished at the Alrosa-DCA joint venture, but other Armenian companies under DCA patronage may also receive some of the diamonds for further processing. The diamonds will then be sold in the Russian market.

Alrosa President Sergey Vybornov is expected to sign the joint venture agreement during his upcoming visit to Yerevan. Sources say that a final agreement concerning the joint venture was already reached in Moscow. In addition to talks of the venture, DCA Chairman and Chair of the International Association of Armenian Jewelers Gagik Abramyan, Armenian Ambassador to Russia Armen Smbatyan and Alrosa delegations also discussed the jewelry industry in Armenia and ways to develop it.

Cooperation between Russia and Armenia will benefit both countries, sources say, as processing of Russia’s diamonds, especially small ones less than one carat, is more profitable in Armenia than in Russia. Moreover, with manufacturing prices increasing in India and China, where Alrosa currently sells its diamonds to and then buys the finished products from, Armenia is a good alternative.


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Vera Arutyunyan - Simone Cappa

Armenian-born, Los-Angeles-based artist Vera Arutyunyan combines primary colors and an aggressive brushstroke style toward a decidedly contemporary version of Abstract Expressionism. Although the masters of the 50s like Pollock and de Kooning created a similar aesthetic 40 years prior, Vera’s emotionally charged paintings appear forever in the moment. The artist’s vigorous and defined brushstrokes are charged with the very energy of her technique—the very motions of her wrist. In total, they are primary color-infused visions of action painting forever frozen in time. If every element of the artist’s application process is clearly readable upon her finished canvas, Vera means it that way. Highly conscious of all those masters who have tried their hand at the blank canvas before her, Vera paints on, and with a vengeance that brings the viewer up-to-date. Somewhere between the mist of Turner and the drips and splashes of Rauschenberg, Vera stands tall on today’s contemporary art scene for her reinvigoration and renewal not only of a painting style, but also a frame of mind.

Simone Cappa: Can you name or describe some of your influences as a painter—whether they are other artists, concepts, styles, techniques, etc.?

Vera Arutyunyan: I am influenced by all that is created by God. Aren’t we all? Every leaf on the tree, every cloud in the sky, every insect or animal, every footstep in the sand—aren’t they an inspiration enough to make one’s mind fly so high into the world outside of ours, the world where you have an answer for everything and it feels wonderful?

SC: Are your creations completely abstract or do they stem from reality in some way? In other words, how do your works relate to the visible world as we see it on a daily basis? Could these works also represent the dream world?

VA: My creations stem from comprehension of everything that I envision in my own spiritual and emotional world. My own encounters with the philosophical content of life and the emotional resonance of all that surrounds me led me to incorporate colors that emerge in words sometimes more powerful than those of spoken out loud. Is my art abstract? It is as abstract as my dream world.

SC: How do you see your style of painting as having evolved during the course of your artistic career?

VA: Over the years, my form of expression, through mind and words, melded with the very brushes I used, and became one.

SC: Do you believe this evolution complete?

VA: This evolution is not just one that deals with art but has become part of myself—in essence, as grows my art so does my soul. I plunge into my subconscious world when I paint. If only I can regain the ability to draw upon super-consciousness, this would therein never cease to evolve until I cease as well.

SC: How often do you immerse yourself in the world of painting? Is it a daily process, or do you give yourself a little time in between each canvas?

VA: The world of painting is the primary plane on which I live. Though I may not be physically in front of a canvas, in my mind I am always surrounded by a play of colors.

SC: Can you briefly outline the general process and technique that you employ for each of your vibrant paintings?

VA: The technique I employ is one of blind creativity, beginning with brushes, then using my very hands as the medium. In a whirlwind of empty paint tubes, with the drumming of a familiar symphony in the background embodying the tempest of my own emotions, coming to life.

SC: How does your Armenian background figure into your unique creations?

VA: You can tell a lot about an artist by their painting. As for my own, I feel that my culture does not scream but whispers in the very palette of colors I use. The rich textures unwittingly carry through my ancient culture, with its vibrant history and strong faith. It is not a byproduct of my culture, but an instinct that brings it to life.

SC: In your paintings on display at Broadway Gallery this past spring, I discovered a primarily red-based palette. Is there something to your predominant incorporation of this strong color into your works, or was this choice of color completely arbitrary?

VA: If anything, the predominant incorporation of the red-based palette has chosen me. I have no control over which color the eye of my mind sees. It is the same with a musician who writes a symphony and not once stops to analyze the notes with which he plays, but only hears the melody.

SC: In addition to your use of vivid colors in your works on view in New York recently, your brushstrokes are similarly strong and even aggressive in affect. Where is all this power coming from and what do you hope the viewer will see here?

VA: The trials and tribulations of everyday life have only spurred me to find strength and passion through my faith and my art. I paint to deliver myself quite spontaneously of a spiritual world, which I carry within myself. I am hoping to be understood and for my paintings to obtain identity and significance, for them to become securely existent.


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Armenia’s Vanishing Udis

Small community is slowly losing its ancient language.

By Tatul Hakopian in Dedebavan (CRS No. 398 28-Jun-07)

Seda Kumsieva, a teacher for 36 years, lives in Armenia although she used to teach Russian language and literature in the village of Vardashen in Azerbaijan.

The crisis of the late Eighties that led to the Armenian-Azerbaijani war over Nagorny Karabakh forced her to flee her home and resettle in Armenia.

Seda is an ethnic Udi – a Christian group with its own unique language – but her husband is Armenian, a fact which sealed her fate. Her family is now scattered across the Caucasus.

“Some of my relatives stayed in Vardashen, others settled in Tbilisi. I am completely Udi by blood, but my husband is Armenian and we and other families who had mixed marriages left Azerbaijan,” she said.

Eleven Udis from Azerbaijan resettled in Dedebavan and many more have found homes in other villages. In conversations with IWPR, the Udis made it clear they feel quite secure in Armenia, but are worried that their unique culture is dying out.

The head of the village community in Dedebavan Georgy Babayan told IWPR, “We don’t make any distinction between Armenians and Udis. During the emigration from Vardashen in 1988, several Udi families came with the Armenians. Later on, many of them emigrated to Russia. We are the same as the Udis – we share our joy and grief with them.”

Hranush Kharatian, an ethnographer who has written extensively about the Udis, says that there are only around 200 of them in Armenia.

“The community does not have the status of a national minority,” he said. “Today there isn’t a single regulatory document on this issue. Only those groups which systematically try to preserve their ethnic identity are recognised as minorities.”

Kharatian said that the Udis had fled Azerbaijan not just because of mixed marriages with Armenians, but because they were a persecuted minority.

“Udis who were persecuted in Nij have resettled in the Georgian village of Oktomberi. Until the recent deportations from Azerbaijan there were not just two but five whole Udi villages. We don’t know much about three of the villages, because although the Udis living there were Christians, they spoke Azeri. These villages were called Jourlu, Mirzabeilu and Sultan Nukhi. Several people from there emigrated to Armenia.”

Seda Kumsieva uses her cousins in Tbilisi – who now go by the surname Kumsiashvili – to get information about relatives who stayed behind in her home village. She still badly misses Vardashen – now renamed Oduz.

“Although our way of life and traditions are Armenian, Udis have their own specific festivals,” she said. “As a child, I remember how in May they used to tie multi-coloured threads round the hands of little children and then hang these little bundles on the branches of trees. Everyone used to make a wish to have their dream come true. The festival was called Dimbaz.”

Forty-five-year-old Zanna Lalayan is married to an Armenian and her family is also scattered. “My brother Oleg and other relatives live in Nij. My other brother and other relatives live in Ukraine – his children don’t know the Udi language. Our generation of Udis based in Russia and other countries doesn’t know our language.

“Our nation is gradually dwindling.”

Seventy-year-old Arshaluis Movsisian, an Udi whose late husband was Armenian, lives in the village of Bagratashen and left behind a large part of her family, a whole troop of nieces and nephews. “My heart is breaking, I want to see their faces,” she said, holding back the tears.

“Like the Armenians, we recognise the cross and the church,” she said. “We didn’t marry our girls off to Azerbaijanis and we didn’t marry theirs, because we are people of the cross. Like the Armenians, our brides come out in white clothes, with uncovered faces , we dance Armenian dances and bury our dead according to Armenian customs. Apart from the language, we are no different to them.”

Armenian historians, like their Azerbaijani counterparts, say that the Udis are the descendants of the Caucasian Albanians. But Armenians say the process of assimilation happened much earlier - that the Albanians converted to the Armenian church in the 5th century and at the same time began to adopt the Armenian language, customs and names.

The Udis alone, the historians say, survived as a tiny remnant of a once much bigger culture. They point out that the Udis’ language has nothing in common with either Indo-European Armenian or Turkic Azeri.

Some unique Udi customs also seem to date back to pre-Christian times.

Arzu Dargiyan recalls how in Azerbaijan they used to pay homage to sacred trees. “We would choose a fruit tree in the garden and performed an act of worship in front of it,” she said. “We lit candles and sacrificed animals. It was forbidden to climb the sacred tree or pick its fruit. You could only eat them if they fell from the tree.”

Oleg Dulgarian is an Udi also from Vardashen, although he left as a small child. He runs a non-governmental organisation for refugees, and is passionate about trying to preserve the culture of this ancient but tiny community.

Dulgarian says that he wants to create an organization called “Aghvank” (the ancient name for Caucasian Albania) that will aim to preserve traditions and engage in academic study of the Udis.

“It’s not a problem to be an Udi in Armenia; no one forces us to renounce our ethnicity. The main problems that Udis who have emigrated from Azerbaijan face are the same as those facing the Armenian refugees.”

Dulgarian wants to get government help for his project but the main element of Udi culture – their language – is now in apparently terminal decline.

“My sons don’t speak Udi at all,” lamented Alexei Kazarov, who also fled from Vardashen. “Our nation is gradually disappearing. There are only eight or ten thousand Udis left in the whole world.”

Tatul Hakopian is a political observer for Public Radio in Armenia.


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Adventures in Armenian Cooking

Posted by jadams July 04, 2007 19:54PM

I've mentioned once or twice that my husband is half Armenian. A great thing about that is that I have learned a little bit about Armenian food, which is definitely good eats. I've even learned to make decent tabouli, rice pilaf and paklava. But one of my husband's favorite Armenian delicacies is pizza. It's called Lahmajoon, and it is unlike what we normally think of when we think pizza. Lahmajoon has a super thin, soft crust and a flavorful meat topping. The pizzas are small and are often served as appetizers. One person can easily eat two or three (or four or five) of them themselves in one sitting.

Several years ago, I started browsing online for Armenian recipes and I came across Adventures in Armenian Cooking. It has moved around a few times online, but it remains one of the top hits you will find on any search engine if you look for Armenian recipes. The cool thing about it is that this collection of recipes originally came from St. Gregory's Armenian Apostolic Church right in the Indian Orchard section of Springfield. (My husband's family attends St. Mark's Armenian Church in Sixteen Acres. Yes, there are actually two Armenian churches in Springfield!)

I remember browsing the collection the first time and finding the Lamahjoon recipe. It daunted me. It sounded so complicated. At the time, I hadn't had much experience with yeast doughs either. So, up until now the only Lahmajoon we've been eating has been as occasional treats when we've been in the Boston area and have stopped in Watertown at the Armenian bakery.

Recently at a party at his sister's house, she served some Lamahjoon that she had picked up in Watertown and later he asked me how come I have never made it. It was time to look up that recipe again.

Looking at it now, with the eyes of someone who has finally made a decent regular pizza dough from scratch, and even made yummy soft pretzels, it didn't look so complicated. Today, I finally gave it a try.

For the dough, you need:

6 cups flour

5 tbsp. shortening

1½ tsp. salt

1 pkg. yeast

3 tbsp. sugar

2 cups warm water

The first step is to combine the yeast, 1 tablespoon of sugar, and 1/2 a cup of water and let it stand for a few minutes.

The recipe says to use a dutch oven to knead the dough. This is a serious amount of dough! So, I counted out 6 cups of flour into one of my biggest pots. I like to dump each cup into its own little mound as I go so I don't lose track. (Otherwise, I would. I definitely would. I don't have enough fingers on the hand that's not scooping!)

To the flour, you add 1-1/2 teaspoons of salt, 2 tablespoons of sugar, and 3 tablespoons of the shortening.

I like to use my plunger measuring cup for anything sticky like shortening. After that, things get really sticky with 1-1/2 cups of water and the yeast mixture.

The rest of the shortening goes on your hand to remove the sticky dough from the bottom of the pan, and from your hand while you knead. Neat trick!

The recipe says to knead until the dough is smooth. I thought it looked a little lumpy still, but I did the best I could, and most of the dough came right off the pan as promised.

I put the whole pot in the oven which I warmed for a little more than a minute, because my oven is electric, and really, how warm at all could an electric oven get in one minute? Three hours later...

Expansion has occured! I used a knife to divide the mass up into 24 balls.

While those rested, I focused on the topping.

2 lbs. lamb or beef, ground once

2 cups canned tomatoes

2 tsp. salt

pinch of cayenne

pinch of blk. pepper

2 med. onions, finely chopped

½ cup parsley, finely chopped

½ cup green pepper, finely chopped

I went with hamburg because lamb is icky-ooey. (Okay, maybe sometimes lamb is okay, like the losh kebab at St. Mark's annual festival. But generally, it gives me the heebie-jeebies.) I didn't know what kind of canned tomatoes to use, but since I had pureed canned tomatoes on hand, I went for it.

The meat mixture needs a really big bowl too! The one I used was a little skimpy. Those onions started flying when I mixed it up with my hands. Eventually, it looked like this:

Next, it was time for my favorite part - playing with dough! I was supposed to roll it into 7-inch circles, but I'm not very good at circles. Also, my dough balls weren't very even in size. So, I got things like this:

Slightly too small and slightly too large amorphous blobs. I'll call them rustic. My strange shapes did make it a little easier to fit them on cookie sheets - I managed to fit 3 or 4 on each time. I found it was easier to apply the meat mixture with a metal spoon than with the plastic measuring spoon I originally started with.

And no, there's no cheese on Armenian pizza. And really, it's okay! It's just not like that.

Look at it, all warm and golden from the oven! It mocks your cheese suggestion. The recipe makes 24 pizzas, which you stagger on trays to cool.

Lahmajoon can be served warm or cold, and is usually made up in batches like this and stored for later use. But I couldn't wait that long. I had to try one warm. The flavor was just right - reminded me of the Armenian bakery in Watertown. However, the crust was a lot crispier. Maybe the cooling and refrigeration are necessary steps. I packed them up, meat filling to meat filling, betwen sheets of wax paper and stashed them in the fridge. Late this evening, I took one out to check. Sure enough, the crust was nice and soft. I heated it up in the microwave and it stayed that way. Excellent! (Lahmajoon makes an excellent late night snack, by the way.)

But the true test will be what my husband thinks of them. He's out of town at the moment, so I will have to wait and let you know. I think he's going to love them, and if the way to a man's heart is through his stomach, just call me Venus, baby!


and more for armenian cooking :)


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Meet Arevik from Armenia :)

Armenia prepares for JESC Debut

Aremenia will be represented at the Junior Eurovision Song Contest in Rotterdam this year by the group, Averik. The eight members of the group are debating the lyrics and trying to prepare their final version of the first song to represent Armenia at the Junior Eurovision Song Contest.

The group is made up of eight members, Alexanyan Christine (11 years old), Sargsyan Anahit (11years old), Barseghyan Mariam (11 years old), Manukyan Rosa (14 years old), Javakhyan Marianna (15 years old), Tarkhanyan-Khoetsyan Lilit (12 years old), Mzikyan Sargis (13 years old) and Amiryan Seda (12 years old). Javakhyan Marianna is also the song-writer and main lyricist.

The group has been busy working on the song, each adding their thoughts and trying to add their own views on the final wording. The song will be about the children fighting for their own place on Earth, free from adults and supervision. The group will soon return from their summer holidays and finalise their entry for Rotterdam.


Edited by free

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Yerevan tourism guide for 2007.

ArmeniaNow.com and TACentral.com have produced a very nice guide to Yerevan for 2007. I would recommend to download the 150 page PDF file for a more streamlined reading. Otherwise, the July 6, 2007 edition of ArmeniaNow has the articles in separate web pages.

They recommend walking around rather than renting a car for sightseeing in Yerevan. That's exactly what I do when I'm there since most of the stuff you want to see is in the center. When the day gets hot, you are never far from a cafe or an ice cream vendor. And if you are too tired to walk just hop in a metro train - it will help you cool down and get some peace; it's much more pleasant than trying to travel in a hot mini bus. If you want to test your endurance, try climbing Kascad to the Victory Park. After the climb, the water from the pulpulaks in the park will be the best tasting water you have ever had. When the water supply became privately managed and the street vendors selling juice and other refreshments popped up everywhere, I was afraid that the pulpulaks would go away but fortunately that did not happen.

If you are lucky enough to be going to Armenia this summer/fall, check out the guide. This is part 1 so I am sure they will have more guides covering the rest of Armenia.



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josEF BRAUN / [email protected]

Pretty to look at, it’s still a long, tedious Journey

JOSEF BRAUN / [email protected]

Fully compliant with all the dictates of what we might refer to as the know-your-roots genre, French-Armenian writer/director Robert Guédiguian’s Journey to Armenia (Le Voyage en Arménie) offers a protracted but more or less cozy cruise through the titular homeland of French cardiologist Anna (co-writer Ariane Ascaride) as she searches for her ill and aged father Barsam (Marcel Bluwal).

After receiving alarming news about his heart condition from his own daughter, Barsam decides to ditch his established life in Marseilles in favour of autumnal ethnic rediscovery, though he leaves no word of his departure for his worried kinfolk. Anna thus closes shop for a week in order to track him down and ensure that he understands his full diagnosis and, if he has any sense, returns to France for surgery.

Unsurprisingly, it quickly becomes clear that it is the doctor who needs to truly learn something here and not the patient. Alas, while Anna—who inherited both her father’s stubbornness and gruff disposition—may know her aorta from her septum, she doesn’t really get the finer aspects of the heart’s deeper needs. And though she may not be fully cognizant of it from the outset—I guess she doesn’t watch many movies—her journey isn’t really about doctoral responsibility: it’s about love, family, tolerance and the inner peace gained from forming connections with one’s ancestors.

Anna’s adventures in Armenia include getting a sassy new haircut from a foxy young stripper desperate to score work in France; discovering a humble restaurant proprietress who can play Satie like a dream; penetrating the fertile and all-encompassing Armenian black market; holing up in the rural compound of a national military hero; and even blowing the kneecaps off of a hefty Armenian gangster in one of this otherwise naturalistic film’s more incongruous and wildly improbable detours. (Curiously, it seems that when über-macho Armenian thugs get shot they barely utter even a groan of displeasure.)

At nearly every stop, Anna also gets treated to lessons in what it means to be Armenian, with a special emphasis on genocide, earthquakes, religion, music, drinking, political dysfunction, organized crime and the significance of the beloved, majestic Mount Ararat, looming nearly always in the distance yet always out of reach of its rightful people, since Ararat still remains under Turkish control.

Guédiguian, Ascaride and their co-writer Marie Desplechin pour on the didactic dialogue hot and thick at every rest stop, which isn’t so bad if you’re hot for a very basic history lesson, but can be a little wearisome with regards to building a strong, engaging and inventive narrative. Rather than spend two hours with Anna and company, you can probably find out all the same stuff by spending ten-minutes browsing Armenia’s Wikipedia entry—though, admittedly, it wouldn’t be as colourful in its cast of characters or as pretty to look at. V

?Fri, jul 13 & Sun, Jul 15 (9 pm)

Sat, Jul 14 & Mon, Jul 16 (7 pm)

Journey to Armenia

Directed by Robert Guédiguian

Written by Ariane Ascaride, Marie Desplechin, Guédiguian

Starring Ascaride, Gérard Meylan,

Chorik Grigorian, Romen Avinian


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Endangered Animals on Armenian Coins

By Dennis G. Rainey, World Coin News

March 05, 2008

This column is about animals on some coins from the Red Book of endangered and threatened animals of the Republic of Armenia, a small nation bordered by Georgia on the north, Azerbaijan on the east, Iran on the south and Turkey on the west. It is part of the Caucasus, an area of great ecological significance.

Armenia's size is 11,483 square miles, and it is typically mountainous with a dry sub-tropical climate. There are six ecosystem types: deserts (below 3,000 feet), semi-deserts (2,000 to 3,900 feet), steppes (3,900 to 6,600 feet), forests (1,640 north-8,262 south feet), subalpine and alpine meadows (7,546 to 9,186 feet).

Some 17,000 species of animals (mostly invertebrates) have been recorded in Armenia including 75 kinds of mammals, 302 birds, 43 reptiles and nine amphibians.

Armenia has a long history of oppression by foreign governments, the last being Soviet Russia. It became a Soviet republic in 1922 and did not become an independent republic until 1991.

Biodiversity suffered greatly during the Soviet period, and after the Soviet breakup Armenia underwent a severe economic crisis with additional dire consequences on habitats and animal life. The Spitak earthquake of 1988 destroyed the city of Spitak and 58 villages, and resulted in horrendous damage to industry including food production and widespread environmental damage. Twenty-five thousand people were killed, 20,000 injured and 500,000 made homeless. By 1998 the average monthly earnings were equivalent to $16 U.S.! Now slow recovery is in progress aided by a shift to democracy, market-based economy, private ownership of land and decentralization in industry and agriculture. Foreign investment is now encouraged.

All this has severely damaged biodiversity. Forests have been particularly hurt with only 25 percent of the original left. Deforestation has produced extreme erosion and subsequent flooding. Equally severe soil erosion has occurred due to poor agricultural practices and thousands of acres are now unusable. Vegetation cover (up to 40 percent in some areas) has diminished because of overgrazing of pastures by livestock. Pesticide residues from overuse also enter into this sad picture resulting in heavy river pollution and changes in plant cover. Mining and chemical industries have caused pollution of several natural ecosystems with heavy metals (about 20,000 acres). All of this unfortunate history has severely affected Armenia's animal life, but one has to admire the ongoing successful road to recovery by the government.

The Central Bank of Armenia has issued several coins depicting animals in Armenia's Red Book, and hopefully sales revenue is being used for conservation and research purposes. I gladly purchased all the coins. Let's discuss these animals on coins.

Eurasian Otter

A subspecies of the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra meridionalis) is depicted on the 1997 100 drams (KM 71). This subspecies is called the Caucasian otter on the coin. Otters (13 species worldwide) belong to the "smelly" group of mammals - Family Mustelidae (skunks, weasels, polecats, badgers, wolverine, sable, fishers and martens, etc.). Otters are the only amphibious members of the family.

This species has an incredibly large geographic range, too large to give details here. Suffice it to say it occurs in almost all of Europe, northwestern Africa and much of Asia. They dwell from sea level to 13,500 feet in Tibet. The IUCN (World Conservation Union) Red Book lists it as near threatened. Its habitat is freshwater lakes, rivers, ponds, swamps, rice fields, marine coves and estuaries.

This species is 3 to 4.5 feet long and weighs 15 to 20 pounds. They rely solely on their fur while in water to keep warm because their body lacks a fat layer like in seals. The outer guard hairs keep the fine insulating undercoat dry. The front legs are shorter than the hind legs allowing them to swim better, and the toes are webbed. They are said to be able to stay submerged for only 20 seconds. Its diet is fish (80 percent), frogs, birds and small mammals.

A 2004 paper by G. Gorgadze titled "The Eurasian Otter in the South Caucasus," published in the IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin indicated practically no research has been done in Armenia and Azerbaijan in the past 20 years. Records are better for Georgia. Trapping there for skins began in early 20th century and by the 1930s 4,000 otters were killed annually. At the beginning of the 1980s it was estimated there were 6,000 in South Caucasus and 12,000 in Russia. Of the 6,000, 4,500 were in Georgia, 1,200 in Azerbaijan, but no estimates were given for Armenia. There was abundant evidence of a serious population decline in the South Caucasus (and Armenia?). Threats to the Eurasian otter in the three nations above are killing by fishermen (viewed as competitors), illegal trapping for the fur trade, unsustainable use of forests leading to loss of habitat, and over-exploitation of rivers and lakes. Drainage of wetlands was rampant in Soviet times. So, otter population declines are due solely to human activities.

Wild Cat

The wild cat, Felis silvestris, may be the most widespread member of the Family Felidae. It occurs in most of Africa, much of Europe and western Asia. The subspecies, F. s. caucasica, is depicted on the Armenia 2006 100 drams coin (KM 121).

The IUCN 1996 publication, Wild Cats, divides the species into three groups: African (14 subspecies), Asiatic (3 subspecies) and European (6 subspecies). The wild cat in Armenia is in the European group and goes by the common name of Caucasian forest cat or Caucasian wild cat. It is found in southern Armenia, most of the rest of Caucasus and Turkey. I wrote about the life style of F. silvestris in detail in the article "Wildcat and Woodpecker At Risk In Moldova" in the December 2004 issue of World Coin News and will not repeat that here.

Brown Bear

The brown bear is depicted on the 2006 100 drams (KM 119). The scientific name on the coin is Ursus arctos syriacus. The taxonomy of brown bears in the Caucasus is unsettled as Dr. Gennady f. Baryshnikov, of the Russian Academy of Sciences and specialist in brown bears of Caucasus informed me in an email on 12 June 2007. He said one view is all brown bears in the Caucasus belong to U. a. syriacus and another view is the subspecies in most of the Caucasus is U. a. meridionalis, and U. a. syriacus is in the southernmost part including Armenia. However, he has not studied any specimens from Armenia. I. E. Chertin and N. G. Mikeshina in the paper titled "Variation in Skull Morphology of Brown Bears (Ursus arctos) from Caucasus" that appeared in the Jour. Mammalogy, V.79, No. 1, 1998, consider all brown bears in Caucasus to be U. a. syriacus.

Literature on the brown bear in Armenia is non-existent, at least that I can find. I did find one sentence that stated the bears are found in forests, steppes and meadows depending on the time of the year. I was informed by an Armenian biologist that young mammalogists there are reluctant to work on large mammals, and funds for research are very scarce.

Long-Eared Hedgehog

The long-eared hedgehog is depicted on the 2006 100 drams (KM 120). The scientific name on the coin is Erinaceus (Hemiechinus) auritus. The corect name in my most recent reference is Hemiechinus auritus. Again, I found no literature on this mammal in Armenia; however, the same species was discussed in my article "Turkish Coins Feature Ricochet Mammals," World Coin News, April, 2007. Refer to this article for more information. I suspect it dwells mainly in the Armenian semi-desert ecosystem.

Spur-Thighed Tortoise

In 2006 the Central Bank issued a 100 drams coin (KM 122) depicting what they called the Mediterranean tortoise (Testudo graeca); this scientific name is on the coin. This tortoise has numerous common names such as Greek tortoise, Tunisian tortoise, Algerian tortoise, Moorish tortoise, but I choose to call it the spur-thighed tortoise following C. H. Ernst and R. W. Barbour, Turtles of the World, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., 1989, and other references.

What is the difference between a tortoise and a terrapin? They are both turtles. A tortoise is a terrestrial turtle, and a terrapin is usually an aquatic turtle.

An apparent valid subspecies has been described from Armenia that also occurs in parts of Azerbaijan, Iran and Turkey and is named T. g. armenica. A reference I found called it the Armenian tortoise. Additional subspecies have been described, but many are considered invalid.

This wide-spread species occurs in Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Libya, Moldova, Morocco, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Montenegro, Spain, Syria, Macedonia, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan and Ukraine. It is rare in Armenia and occurs in the Araks river valley in the south of that country in dry steppes, shrubby mountain slopes and low forests habitats. They are declining largely due to habitat loss. There are only about 1,000 surviving in the wild in Armenia, but many are in Russian and other country's zoos. They are bred in captivity for possible reintroductions by the Zoology Institute of the Republic of Armenia Academy of Sciences. The species is protected in Armenia, but some are still taken from the wild for the pet trade. The species is listed as vulnerable in the 2006 IUCN Red List.

The species has been one of the most exploited chelonians for the pet trade with millions captured and sold. For example, more than one million captured in Morocco were imported to Great Britain between 1967 and 1971 (inquire for reference). It was estimated that only five million were in Morocco in that period so the population was severely damaged, but later they were protected. Again, apparently this species has not been studied biologically in Armenia.

Do not fail to log on to the following Web site named "Persian Leopard;" http://www.persianleopard.com/. Then, click on the link "Gallery" to the left and view some remote camera pictures of Armenian mammals such as the brown bear and wild cat (notice "raccoon-like tail."). This is the Web site of biologists Sh. Asmaryan and Igor Khorozyan, the only scientists studying highly endangered leopards (Panthera pardus) in Armenia. Igor furnished valuable information for the brown bear portion of this article.

Lastly, kudos to the Central Bank of Armenia for putting scientific and common names on their animal coins.

Comments and questions are welcomed. Send to [email protected]


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A legendary city of Armenia

Thursday, February 28, 2008

City center of Yerevan, capital of the Republic of Armenia, was designed and given its present modern look by Alxander Tamanyan before the disintegration of the former Soviet Union. Creating the impression of an open-air museum, Yerevan streets are full of monumental scale sculptures. Home to dozens of museums and art centers, Yerevan is a wonderland of works of art, the oldest dating back to the fifth century

Vercihan Ziflioğlu

YEREVAN - Turkish Daily News

Little is know about Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, a city with a rich history and a young population that has plenty to offer its visitors including many historic buildings, magnificent churches and artistic masterpieces.

The Republic of Armenia declared its independence in 1991, immediately after the disintegration of the Soviet Socialist Republics, and Yerevan became its capital. The history of Yerevan or “Yerepuni,” as it was called in ancient times, dates back to the eighth century B.C. The total population of Armenia, which is settled on an area of 30,000 square kilometers, is 3 million, according to official figures.

The official language of the country is Armenian, an independent branch of the Indo-European language family. Armenian was historically split into two vaguely-defined primary dialects: Eastern Armenian (Aravela Hayeren), spoken in modern-day Armenia, and Western Armenian, spoken by Armenians in Anatolia. In addition to Armenian, Russian dominates as a second language throughout the country. An average Yerevanian speaks three additional languages to Armenian and Russian.

The modern architectural design of the city center of Yerevan was designed by Armenian architect Alexander Tamanyan during the time of the Soviet Union. His style and influence is still visible in almost all of the streets and buildings of Yerevan. The Republic Square (Hanrabedutyan Hırabag) is the largest and the most important of Yerevan and the location of many of the state buildings and national museums. Young people constitute about 70 percent of country's entire population and the official rate of literacy is approximately 90 percent.

Soviet Union effect in Armenia

Social life in Armenia still carries traces of the Soviet experience, with the Russian language commonly heard on TV programs, cafés, shopping centers, cinemas and generally in every aspect of daily life. While some Yerevanians argue Russian should remain the second language, others wish to put an end to the dominance of Russian language in the country.

Yerevan universities have recently become highly preferred by students both from Europe and the Far Eastern countries. Indian, German, Chinese, Japanese and British nationals are studying in many of the universities including the Yerevan State University. The majority of the students in these universities study Armenian language and literature. The most striking department at the Yerevan State University is the Turkology Department, where all students, including Armenians, are taught Turkish language and literature, Ottoman, Persian and Arabic.

Yerevan's youth has a very lively social life. Chic library cafés and restaurants easily catch the eye in every corner of Yerevan streets.

Millennial manuscripts in ‘Madenataran'

It is difficult to take one's eyes off the fabulous architectural styles of ancient churches on Yerevan streets, most of which were built in the 12th century. Though churches are structures with great symbolic meaning in Armenian traditional culture, the majority of Armenia's churches was destructed during Soviet Union times. The most interesting of these churches is the Gatoğige Surp Asdvazsazsin (St. Mary the Virgin) that was built and dedicated to the memory of Armenian poet Sayat Nova and is located on Sayat Nova Street. In fact, Gatoğige Surp Asdvazsazsin was discovered when the Soviet regime ordered the demolishing of a monumental 12th century church. The earlier form of the Gatoğige Surp Asdvazsazsin was constructed in the 11th century. And its remnant was serving as “Ğhoran,” the Holy Table, under the centuries-old massive church building. The doors of this historic building, where restoration activity will soon take place, are wide open to visitors.

Yerevan streets, where history meets modernity, are full of monumental sculptures, most of them dedicated to the memory of the grand masters of Armenian traditional literature and music.

Moreover, there are many museums and art centers in Yerevan, two among them of special importance. The one is the National Gallery of Armenia (Hayasdani Azkayin Badgerasrah) that was constructed in the Republic Square in 1921. It is a universally acclaimed museum where works of prominent figures of Armenian and international art are on display. A major division of the museum where more than 25,000 works of art are exhibited is the 19th and 20th century Armenian artists, painters and sculptors collection. A considerable number of masterpieces by Armenian-origin painter Ayvazovki are also on display in that part of the museum.

The National Gallery of Armenia also has a collection titled Eastern and Western Art. This includes an array of artworks by major artists of India, Egypt, Japan, France and other countries. A third part of the museum includes samples from the works of 20th century Russian art.

The second art center having particular importance in Yerevan is the Madenataran Manuscript Museum. Here, one can find myriads of manuscripts that have shed light both on Armenian and world history, art and science since the fifth century. But the most remarkable pieces in Madenataran are volumes of religious books, all handwritten and ornamented with Armenian miniatures. A major part of the holy books were taken from Anatolian-Armenian churches to the land of modern day Armenia. The rich decorations on these leather manuscripts amaze all visitors. Beside the hundreds of millenniums-old manuscripts, Madenataran is also home to a seal that belonged to Alexander the Great and a firman (edict) that belonged to Napoleon Bonaparte. Other precious pieces include maps and volumes of manuscripts by ancient Greek philosophers.

The Madenataran building, enthralling with its unique architectural style and sculptures of philosophers, doctors and literary figures of Armenian history is located in the Surp Maşdozs Street in Yerevan.


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RMMI expands footprint into Eastern Europe with mining acquisition in Armenia

RAK Minerals and Metals Investments (RMMI) today announced the acquisition of Armenian mining firm TSCC Armenia, successfully expanding its footprint into Eastern Europe.

United Arab Emirates: Wednesday, April 09 - 2008 at 15:51 PRESS RELEASE

The 100% acquisition covers three mining complexes spread across two regions, North and South Armenia, and includes copper and other polymetallic minerals. RMMI has earmarked $200m over the next two years to fund the acquisition and set up a concentrate plant in the country.

Dr. Khater Massad, CEO RAK Investment Authority (RAKIA), Chairman, RMMI and Advisor to H.H. Sheikh Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi, Deputy Ruler & Crown Prince of Ras Al Khaimah, said, 'Armenia is rich in natural resources and well located between the markets of Asia and Europe. RMMI's investment is the first of many opportunities for RAKIA and Ras Al Khaimah, and we hope to extend this to include real estate, construction and similar ventures that support economic growth.'

Mr Madhu Koneru, Managing Director, RMMI said, 'Our mission is to establish RMMI as a world-leading mining solutions provider in the metals and minerals industry through strategic investments across the entire mining value chain. This acquisition in Armenia is a significant step in extending RMMI's geographical spread equitably and establishes our foothold in Eastern Europe. Our strategy is to have a balanced portfolio across Africa, Asia Pacific and Eastern Europe, within range of our target markets of China, India and the Middle East.'

As part of the deal, TSCC's mines in Armenia will now be operated under RMMI. This includes two complexes in North Armenia in Karnut (135 sq.km.) and Prevolnoye (37 sq.km.), and in South Armenia in Larneshan (167 sq.km.). All three semi-brownfield complexes are in close proximity to existing plants, and in geological analogy to operational mines in the area. The base metal profile is largely copper, with other polymetals associated with copper deposits including lead, zinc, molybdenum. Within the complexes, some deposits have also been identified as auriferous.

In the next two years, RMMI plans to build a concentrate plant in South Armenia's Larneshan region to process both copper and polymetallic ores into concentrates. RMMI's ownership of the natural resources, as well as the capability to convert ores into concentrates, also opens up the options for the setting up of smelters in the future.

Demand for copper in Asia is likely to remain firm, as transport and energy infrastructure projects in China and India are estimated to require large quantities. Fuelled by a recent supply squeeze, copper for three-months delivery on the London Metal Exchange closed at $8,660 a tonne on Friday, April 5, up $100 from Thursday.

Notes and media contacts

About RAK Minerals and Metals Investments (RMMI)

RMMI is the first Middle Eastern mining company with a global reach, set up under the patronage of HH Sheikh Saud Bin Saqr Al Qasimi, Crown Prince and Deputy Ruler of Ras Al Khaimah. RMMI is a 50:50 joint venture between RAK Investment Authority (RAKIA), and Trimex Group, an independent minerals company with over 50 years of combined mining experience.

RMMI targets mid-sized companies and independent mine owners, one of the fastest growing segments in the industry today, and invests to operate the mines. RMMI's investments are long-term in outlook, capitalising on the vast experience of the team to operate the mines; this strategy distinguishes RMMI from asset managers and investment funds. Focus areas for RMMI are: base metal minerals, energy minerals and industrial minerals, to cater to the growing demand from China, India and the Middle East.

For additional information, please contact:

Ross Bethell, onsite in Singapore

ReputationInc for RMMI

Mobile: +44 751 597 4925


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just read some of these articles (they seemed too long :) and it's good that some world mass media means touch upon topics about Armenia, still, it's not the style and the info i would like to see for my country. i believe there are much better things to write about this country, other than "president Robert Kocharyan" (btw lol to this one) and how dusty is Yerevan. common ppl, why don't they represent Armenia as a damn good place, so that someone reading the article would want to visit it right away!

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The New York Times: Чистейший вид обсидиана находится в Армении

51872.jpg Март 19, 2011 | 00:38

Новости Армении – NEWS.am приводит статью Назанин Ланкарани «Ювелиров привлекает таинственный и древний обсидиан», опубликованную в The New York Times, со значительными сокращениями:

Всегда в поиске новых инновационных материалов и драгоценных камней некоторые современные ювелиры и дизайнеры в последнее время стали оглядываться назад, а не вперед.

В центре их внимания оказался древний обсидиан, вулканическое стекло, образованное в магматической породе. Это природное стекло с огненными оттенками коричневого, черного или кроваво-красного цветов – результат вулканической лавы, которая вытекла миллионы лет тому назад.

Темно-прозрачный обсидиан – наиболее ценящийся вид, с бесконечно острыми краями, он служил для доисторического человека как лезвие в бою, а сегодня используется для изготовления хирургических инструментов, но он также давно используется для создания декоративных объектов.

«Я не был знаком с обсидианом, пока не поехал несколько лет назад в Армению»,– сказал Тьерри Вандом, дизайнер ювелирных украшений в квартале Марэ Парижа, чья коллекция ювелирных изделий из обсидиана под названием «Армения» родилась после той поездки.

Хотя обсидиан находят в скальных образованиях в вулканических районах Мексики, Италии, Японии и Соединенных Штатов, чистейшей вид находится в Армении. Виды из других регионов часто имеют недостатки, что делает их непригодными для рынка роскоши.

По словам Вандома, вопреки легенде о камне, армянский обсидиан не встречается на склонах горы Арарат, где, по Библии, остановился Ноев ковчег, но на территории между столицей Ереваном и озером Севан, расположенным на 1905 м выше уровня моря в центральной части Армении.

Одной поездки в Армению, наверное, недостаточно, чтобы узнать все тайны этого камня. «Лучше всего хранимый секрет в Армении – это место, где находится синий обсидиан,– сказал Вандом.– Никто не знает, где находится этот вид».

Новости Армении - NEWS.am

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«Le Monde»: Вновь обретенное армянство

61916.jpgИюнь 04, 2011 | 02:35

Новости Армении – NEWS.am приводит статью Гийома Перье, опубликованную во французской «Le Monde», с некоторыми сокращениями:

С «Книгой моей бабушки», опубликованной в Турции в 2004 году, юрист Фетхие Четин сделала прорыв. Она рассказала историю своей бабушки Грануш, переименованной в Шехер, армянки, похищенной и насильственно обращенной во время Геноцида 1915 года, совершенного комитетом «Единение и прогресс», турецкой националистической партией, которая тогда была у власти. Внучка, неутомимый борец за права человека, защитник семьи Гранта Динка, убитого в 2007 году армянского журналиста, была одной из первых, кто громко заявил о своих армянских корнях в турецком обществе, парализованном табу. По инерции всплыли сотни подобных историй, выявив забытую реальность – наличие по всей Турции потомков армян, выживших при Геноциде, обращенных в ислам и отуреченных, – «остатки меча», как они названы в популярном выражении на турецком.

После бабушек Фетхие Четин на этот раз с социологом Айше Гюль Алтинай занялась судьбой «внуков», другими словами, всех тех, кто спустя два поколения откапывают забытое прошлое и наконец ставят под вопрос официальную историю и молчание, наложенное на их жизнь. «Где же обращенные армяне?», – спрашивает Айше Гюль Алтинай в послесловии. «Вы можете столкнуться с ними в школах, кулуарах Национального Собрания, больницах, фабриках, полях, канцелярии префекта или мечетях. Это могут быть водитель вашего автобуса, медсестра, которая взяла у вас кровь, журналист, чьи статьи вы любите читать, техник, который установил ваш компьютер… или имам мечети в вашем районе», – сказала она. Авторы нашли несколько десятков таких свидетелей. Немногие согласились признаться. Еще меньше – выявить свою истинную идентичность. Книга представляет 24 личные истории, портреты семьи, которые таят в себе их долю армянства.

Йылдыз Онен, активист в ассоциациях по защите прав человека, согласилась свидетельствовать под своим именем.

Родилась она в Дерике, небольшом городе в курдском регионе, на востоке Турции. Эта энергичная молодая женщина говорит, что ее «вырастили как курдиянку». История ее бабушки, дочери богатого армянского купца, которая пережила Геноцид с одним из своих сыновей, – это «история тысяч женщин»: похищенная курдом, она вышла замуж и была насильственно обращена в ислам. «Мой отец родился от этого союза, – рассказала Йылдыз Онен. – Моя бабушка вырастила двух сыновей, одного в армянской традиции, другого как курда. У моего отца, который был консервативным мусульманином, был брат-армянин». Как у многих, лишь после убийства Гранта Динка всплыла подавленная идентичность. «Теперь я начала думать, что должна чувствовать себя армянкой», – сказала она. Чувствовать себя армянкой также означает, что ее будут рассматривать по-другому, в том числе в ее собственной семье. «Некоторые родственники открыты, другие – менее», – сказала она.

После Геноцида второе поколение оставшихся в живых, независимо от того, остались ли они в Турции или эмигрировали, выросло в условиях недомолвок, чтобы раствориться в массе и защитить себя от болезненной истории. «Как если бы различие было пятном, табу, позором, который нужно скрыть», – объяснил Гюльсад, который случайно узнал, что ее бабушка Сатиник была армянкой, когда ему было 15 лет.

Однако сегодня некоторые внуки требуют отчета. И ставят под вопрос историю, которая не может выстоять. «Где же наши деды?», – спросила Сима. «Уяснив судьбу моей бабушки, я начала понимать несправедливость, которой она подверглась, и осознала, насколько на мое воспитание наложил отпечаток национализм, – сказала Фетхие Четин. – Все эти истории проливают сильный свет, ибо они нарушают эссенциалистское определение турецкой идентичности».

По мнению адвоката, турок, имеющих, по крайней мере, одного армянского предка, будет насчитываться сотни тысяч. Как и в ее случае, их идентичность зачастую «гибридна»: турецкая, курдская, армянская, алевитская…

Некоторые остались армянами, хотя и обращены в ислам. Другие говорят, что они являются курдами, но повторно обращаются в христианство. «Существует невероятное разнообразие в том, как определить себя», – сказала Фетхие Четин. В течение 96 лет существование этих скрытых выживших не только обходилось молчанием Турецкой Республикой, но и было забыто самими армянами, разбросанными по всему миру. Армянские женщины и дети, обращенные в 1915 году, входили в число жертв. «Эти женщины впервые являются субъектами истории, а не объектами мужчин и патриархальной системы», – отметила Айше Гюль Алтинай.

Воспоминания внуков возвращают к жизни этих забытых жертв первого геноцида ХХ века. Сила повествования – разблокировать табу благодаря безобидным бабушкам и вступить в процесс исторического примирения в Турции.

Войдя в сферу семейной и сельской микроистории, гражданское общество и турецкая интеллигенция, возможно, нашли ответ на официальный ревизионизм, прикрывающий армянский вопрос.

Новости Армении - NEWS.am

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«Le Figaro»: В Армении делали вино еще 6000 лет тому назад72678.jpg Приводим статью Ива Мизрея, опубликованную в печатной версии французской газеты «Le Figaro» от 1 сентября, с некоторыми сокращениями: В какую эпоху и в каком регионе люди научились делать вино? Загадка остается нерешенной, несмотря на несколько открытий в средиземноморском бассейне и на Кавказе. То, что сейчас могут различать ископаемые косточки дикого и домашнего винограда, открывает новые пути для исследования. Ведь наши предки умели делать вино из дикого винограда, прежде чем они научились культивировать виноград. В этом контексте открытие, которое было сделано в 2007 году в пещере на востоке Армении, невзирая ни на что, остается исключительно важным событием. Армянские и американские археологи раскопали там настоящее сокровище: остатки древнего пресса, чан, фрагменты глиняных изделий, семена, мякоть и даже стебельки. Все эти остатки в хорошем состоянии дремали в древнем слое почвы 4000 г. до н. э. («Журнал археологической науки», май 2011 г.). «Им очень повезло найти так много вещей в одном месте», – признается Филипп Маренваль из Университета Тулузы (Национальный центр научных исследований). Такое количество находок позволяет им иметь почти полную уверенность в том, что это один из ранних винных складов неолита. «Мы никогда не говорили, что мы обнаружили самое древнее вино в мире, – подчеркивает Ханс Барнард из Калифорнийского университета (США). – Тем не менее, мы разработали надежный метод для выявления очень старых следов вина, и мы применили его на нескольких образцах, обнаруженных в Сирии и Армении», – утверждает он. На сегодняшний день, по сути, никакой биохимический анализ не позволяет обнаружить следы вина с точностью, так как этанол (спирт) исчезает со временем. Поэтому биохимики удовлетворялись следами винной кислоты – соединения, присутствующего в винограде, но и в других фруктах, потребляемых когда-то в средиземноморском бассейне или используемых в качестве лекарственных растений. Новым же индикатором является красный пигмент, свойственный винограду, – мальвидин, у которого есть то преимущество, что он присутствует только в небольшом количестве других растений. Его следы были обнаружены на стенках нескольких глиняных фрагментов, найденных в армянской пещере, а также в Телль-Мозане в Сирии. Это показатель, но для Ханса Барнарда он недостаточен. «Окончательным доказательством может быть только сочетание археологических, исторических и химических индикаторов, – говорит он «Le Figaro». – Идеалом было бы найти новый способ обнаружения этанола (спирт), но он очень хорошо растворяется и зачастую не оставляет никакого отложения. Кроме того, алкоголь может быть продуктом естественного микробиологического процесса. Поэтому вряд ли можно когда-нибудь разработать неопровержимый тест на наличие вина или пищевых продуктов в археологическом контексте». Открытия о ранней истории вина также должны восприниматься умеренно.Сообщает news.am

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FrontPage Magazine: Армения не дала Азербайджану и Турции запугать себя115191.jpg Приводим статью Стивена Брауна, опубликованную в «FrontPage Magazine», со значительными сокращениями: Это должно быть одним из крупнейших случаев дипломатического лицемерия в современном мире. Последние усилия министра иностранных дел Израиля Авигдора Либермана улучшить испорченные отношения с Турцией еще раз ударились о кирпичную стену, поскольку был получен только пренебрежительный ответ со стороны бывшего союзника Израиля. Либерман заявил, что Израиль готов «разрешить любые споры» с Анкарой, но был проигнорирован турецкими чиновниками, несмотря на ухудшение атмосферы на Ближнем Востоке. На встрече с турецкими журналистами премьер-министр Израиля Биньямин Нетаньяху также способствовал на этой неделе дипломатическим усилиям с целью восстановить тесные связи с бывшим другом Израиля, сказав журналистам, что Израиль и Турция были «важными и стабильными странами в нестабильном регионе» и эта нестабильность в регионе делает примирение особенно важным. Однако призывы обоих высокопоставленных израильских политиков не были услышаны в Анкаре. Как и при прошлых усилиях с целью наладить отношения между двумя странами, турецкое правительство премьер-министра Турции Реджепа Тайипа Эрдогана настаивает на том, что до обсуждения должны быть урегулированы три нерешенных вопроса. Первое условие заключается в том, что Израиль должен извиниться за инцидент в 2010 году в связи с «Мави Мармара». Израиль же всегда говорил, что он никогда не будет извиняться за соблюдение законной блокады Газы, которая необходима для его безопасности. Это последнее требование Турции, чтобы Израиль отменил свою законную блокаду сектора Газа, что на самом деле выделяет ее лицемерие. В средствах массовой информации во время инцидента с «Мави Мармара» в 2010 году практически не упоминался тот факт, что в то время, как Турция горько протестует против израильского эмбарго на сектор Газа, выступая за палестинский вопрос перед мировым сообществом, она держит в блокаде не имеющую выхода к морю Армению, поддерживая эмбарго с 1993 года. Турция закрыла в том году свою границу с Арменией, бывшей советской республикой в горах Южного Кавказа, и отказывается открыть ее с тех пор, что серьезно препятствует развитию экономики небольшой христианской страны. Причиной закрытия границы была война между соседним Азербайджаном и анклавом Нагорный Карабах с армянским большинством, бывшей советской автономной областью в пределах границ Азербайджана. В конце 1980-х годов, когда Советский Союз распадался, Верховный Совет (парламент) Нагорного Карабаха проголосовал за отделение от Азербайджана и присоединение к Армении, что привело к погромам против армян в Азербайджане и в конечном итоге к их этническим чисткам в тюркоязычной стране. Желая присоединиться к Армении, армяне Нагорного Карабаха считали, что они исправляют историческую ошибку. Новое советское правительство вначале отдало область Армении в 1921 году, но Сталин вскоре после этого отменил данное решение в рамках своей стратегии «разделяй и властвуй» в отношении меньшинств. Будущий советский диктатор отдал тогда Азербайджану территорию, где 95 процентов населения составляли армяне, согласно советской переписи 1921 года, создав условия для войны семь десятилетий спустя. Однако Турцию расстроило и к закрытию границы привело то, что армяне Нагорного Карабаха, которых значительно превышали числом, победили при поддержке Армении в войне, которая закончилась установлением режима прекращения огня в мае 1994 года. В конце концов нагорно-карабахские армяне не только освободили почти всю свою территорию от азербайджанского контроля, но и взяли несколько районов самого Азербайджана. И, как Израиль, стойкое нагорно-карабахское правительство отказывается возвращать взятые районы, пока не будет гарантирована его безопасность, поскольку эти районы использовались для нападения на его территорию. Как и арабские государства с Израилем после 1967 года, Турция после поражения Азербайджана требует возвращения азербайджанской земли и заявляет, что она будет поддерживать блокаду Армении, пока этого не будет сделано. Азербайджан установил свою собственную блокаду Армении в 1989 году, оставив Армению с открытыми границами только с Ираном и Грузией. К ее чести, Армения не дала Азербайджану и Турции запугать себя. Опять же, как и Израиль, армяне живут в жестком соседстве, и возвращение захваченных районов без выполнения их условий, как, вероятно, подтвердит Авигдор Либерман, выявит слабость, которая может быть опасной, если не фатальной. В конце концов, армяне знают, на что способны турки, так как они видели смерть миллионов своих соотечественников от рук турок в 1915 году во время первого геноцида прошлого века (требование Турции о том, чтобы Израиль извинился за убийство девяти человек на «Мави Мармара», в то время как она отказывается даже признать свою ответственность за смерть миллиона армян, является еще одним примером ее дипломатического лицемерия). Соединенные Штаты пытались придумать решение для проблемы блокады Армении Турцией. Посол США в Армении Джон Хефферн предложил, чтобы Турция открыла железную дорогу в Армению, не открывая всей границы. Однако до сих пор Турция отказывается. Она по-прежнему требует, чтобы Армения сперва возвратила «оккупированные» азербайджанские территории. Упрямство Турции по этому вопросу, однако, не удивляет. Она незаконно оккупирует северную часть Кипра в течение уже 40 лет, разместив там войска и создав марионеточное государство, которое не признано ни одной страной. Так что настояние Анкары на том, чтобы «азербайджанские земли» были возвращены, эмбарго на сектор Газа был снят, соответствует лицемерному мышлению, которое, кажется, руководит турецкой внешней политикой, особенно в отношении Израиля и Армении.<br class="Apple-interchange-newline">

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За звание Voice of Germany две армянки попали в группу друг против друга вместе с иранцем.


Здесь вся передача. Они выступают в предпоследнем блоке.

Voice of Germany

Edited by Ardani

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А у нас пару дней назад на канале ФЁНИКС показали документальный фильм про Армению. Люблю немецкие доку. Они такие негламурные и добрые.

Нашла в ютубе этот же фильм и кидаю сюда. Стандартный набор: дудук, хачкар, лаваш, коньяк, турецкая граница. Моего мужа удивили фотографии на могильных памятниках. Он такого не видел. А я открыла для себя новую породу собак "армянская овчарка" (????)


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А я открыла для себя новую породу собак "армянская овчарка" (????)<br style="color: rgb(28, 40, 55); font-family: arial, verdana, tahoma, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; background-color: rgb(250, 251, 252);">

это - гампр - пастушачья классная собака, о котором здесь на форуме писалось в теме покраж армянских

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Моего мужа удивили фотографии на могильных памятниках. Он такого не видел.

потому что такое практикуется только на территории бывшего СССР, атеисты ставили, а по христианским законам нельзя. Церковь нашла компромисс - размещать фотографии можно, но под крестом, некоторые и этого не соблюдают.

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потому что такое практикуется только на территории бывшего СССР, атеисты ставили, а по христианским законам нельзя. Церковь нашла компромисс - размещать фотографии можно, но под крестом, некоторые и этого не соблюдают.

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А у нас пару дней назад на канале ФЁНИКС показали документальный фильм про Армению. Люблю немецкие доку. Они такие негламурные и добрые.

Нашла в ютубе этот же фильм и кидаю сюда. Стандартный набор: дудук, хачкар, лаваш, коньяк, турецкая граница. Моего мужа удивили фотографии на могильных памятниках. Он такого не видел. А я открыла для себя новую породу собак "армянская овчарка" (????)

Edited by СолнЫчка

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Тут в описании что-то про коптов или я ошибаюсь?

Armenier und Kopten leugnen den Völkermord in Aserbeidschan. Diese Dokumentation hat heftige Reaktionen seitens der Nationalistischen Armenier hervorgerufen:


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и сам факт наличия фото его удивил, а также технология изготовления фото в камне (гравюра или как оно называется).

да, гравировка по камню.

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пескоструйкой :rolleyes2:

можно, можно и лазером, но ручная гравировка лучше. Видела как художник вручную гравировал, это была не копия, а творческий процесс, еще и качеством лучше и долговечнее ручная работа.

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Де ес германерен чгитем, байц айн 3 масиц э бахкацац ..

Моня, о чем эти кины?

ес ел чгитем. им сслкан карелия автомат тагманел интерентум

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Тут в описании что-то про коптов или я ошибаюсь?

Armenier und Kopten leugnen den Völkermord in Aserbeidschan. Diese Dokumentation hat heftige Reaktionen seitens der Nationalistischen Armenier hervorgerufen:



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